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6. Installing 8000 RPMs

Once RPM program is installed, it is a gateway to thousands of RPM packages which can be easily installed on the system.

Prepare the rpm directories


bash# su - root
bash# mkdir -p /usr/local/src/redhat/BUILD
bash# mkdir -p /usr/local/src/redhat/RPMS/sparc64
bash# mkdir -p /usr/local/src/redhat/RPMS/noarch
bash# mkdir -p /usr/local/src/redhat/SOURCES
bash# mkdir -p /usr/local/src/redhat/SPECS
bash# mkdir -p /usr/local/src/redhat/SRPMS

You may want to edit the rpmrc file. In case of solaris 8, I had to remove the -m64 option for gcc, since it was giving compile errors. To show the values, RPM will use for all of the options that may be set in rpmrc files (/usr/local/lib/rpm/rpmrc, /usr/lib/rpm/rpmrc, /etc/rpmrc,  /.rpmrc ), type:


bash$ rpm --showrc | less

6.1 Bootstrap Programs - The Rocket Soars Up!!

Before building rpms you need the following basic programs:

You should download the tar.gz files or Unix packages . I downloaded solaris packages for fileutils.pkg, patch.pkg, libtool.pkg, gcc and others. You should install them in a temporary location like $HOME/localtmp
bash# mkdir $HOME/localtmp
bash# cd $HOME/localtmp
bash# gzip -d libtool*.tar.gz
bash# tar -xvf libtool*.tar
bash# ./configure --with-prefix=$HOME/localtmp
bash# make; make install

You should include the temporary location of autoconf by:
bash# PATH=$HOME/localtmp/bin:$PATH
bash# export PATH

6.2 Install Foundation RPMs

There are few basic rpms which must be installed before any other rpm is installed. In this section, foundation rpms are listed which are found by using:


bash# rpm -qR <packagename>
bash# rpm -qR textinfo
bash# rpm -qR fileutils
bash# rpm -qR setup

The foundation rpms in the order of dependency are as follows:

Second stage foundation rpms are as follows. After installing the foundation rpms, next important rpm is gcc, the order of rpms you need is:

Third stage rpms are as follows:

As from previous section you should have exported temp location of autoconf, gcc and other programs by:


bash# PATH=$HOME/localtmp/bin:$PATH
bash# export PATH

bash# rpm -i fileutils*.src.rpm
bash# rpm -i zlib*.src.rpm
bash# rpm -i texinfo*.src.rpm

bash# cd /usr/local/src/redhat/SPECS
bash# rpm -ba fileutils.spec

After the build is successful, install it with "nodeps and excludedocs" to minimize the failures. After substantial installations of many foundation rpms you can "freshen" the rpms with rpm command.


bash# cd /usr/local/src/redhat/RPMS/sparc64
bash# rpm -i --nodeps --excludedocs fileutils*.rpm

Move on to build and install the next rpm in the list texinfo, zlib, patch,....

6.3 Troubleshoot Building Foundation RPMs

On Solaris 2.8, I encountered following problems which were fixed by correcting the spec file:


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