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urxvt (7)
  • urxvt (1) ( Linux man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • >> urxvt (7) ( Linux man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  •  

    NAME

    
    RXVT REFERENCE - FAQ, command sequences and other background information
     
    

    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

    How do I know which rxvt-unicode version I'm using?
    The version number is displayed with the usage (-h). Also the escape sequence ESC[8n
    sets the window title to the version number.
    When I log-in to another system it tells me about missing terminfo data?
    The terminal description used by rxvt-unicode is not as widely available as that for xterm, or even rxvt (for which the same problem often arises).

    The correct solution for this problem is to install the terminfo, this can be done like this (with ncurses' infocmp):

    
       REMOTE=remotesystem.domain
       infocmp rxvt-unicode | ssh $REMOTE "cat >/tmp/ti && tic /tmp/ti"
    
    

    ... or by installing rxvt-unicode normally on the remote system,

    If you cannot or do not want to do this, then you can simply set TERM=rxvt
    or even TERM=xterm
    , and live with the small number of problems arising, which includes wrong keymapping, less and different colours and some refresh errors in fullscreen applications. It's a nice quick-and-dirty workaround for rare cases, though.

    If you always want to do this you can either recompile rxvt-unicode with the desired TERM value or use a resource to set it:

    
       URxvt.termName: rxvt
    
    

    If you don't plan to use rxvt (quite common...) you could also replace the rxvt terminfo file with the rxvt-unicode one.

    I need a termcap file entry.
    You could use rxvt's termcap entry with resonable results in many cases. You can also create a termcap entry by using terminfo's infocmp program like this:

    
       infocmp -C rxvt-unicode
    
    

    OR you could this termcap entry:

    
       rxvt-unicode|rxvt-unicode terminal (X Window System):\
               :am:bw:eo:km:mi:ms:xn:xo:\
               :co#80:it#8:li#24:\
               :AL=\E[%dL:DC=\E[%dP:DL=\E[%dM:DO=\E[%dB:IC=\E[%d@:\
               :K1=\EOw:K2=\EOu:K3=\EOy:K4=\EOq:K5=\EOs:LE=\E[%dD:\
               :RI=\E[%dC:SF=\E[%dS:SR=\E[%dT:UP=\E[%dA:ae=^O:al=\E[L:\
               :as=^N:bl=^G:cd=\E[J:ce=\E[K:cl=\E[H\E[2J:cm=\E[%i%d;%dH:\
               :cr=^M:cs=\E[%i%d;%dr:ct=\E[3g:dc=\E[P:dl=\E[M:do=^J:\
               :ec=\E[%dX:ei=\E[4l:ho=\E[H:i1=\E[?47l\E=\E[?1l:ic=\E[@:\
               :im=\E[4h:is=\E[r\E[m\E[2J\E[H\E[?7h\E[?1;3;4;6l\E[4l:\
               :k0=\E[21~:k1=\E[11~:k2=\E[12~:k3=\E[13~:k4=\E[14~:\
               :k5=\E[15~:k6=\E[17~:k7=\E[18~:k8=\E[19~:k9=\E[20~:\
               :kD=\E[3~:kI=\E[2~:kN=\E[6~:kP=\E[5~:kb=\177:kd=\EOB:\
               :ke=\E[?1l\E>:kh=\E[7~:kl=\EOD:kr=\EOC:ks=\E[?1h\E=:\
               :ku=\EOA:le=^H:mb=\E[5m:md=\E[1m:me=\E[m\017:mr=\E[7m:\
               :nd=\E[C:rc=\E8:sc=\E7:se=\E[27m:sf=^J:so=\E[7m:sr=\EM:\
               :st=\EH:ta=^I:te=\E[r\E[?1049l:ti=\E[?1049h:ue=\E[24m:\
               :up=\E[A:us=\E[4m:vb=\E[?5h\E[?5l:ve=\E[?25h:vi=\E[?25l:\
               :vs=\E[?25h:
    
    
    How can I configure rxvt-unicode so that it looks similar to the original rxvt?
    Felix von Leitner says that these two lines, in your .Xdefaults, will make rxvt-unicode behave similar to the original rxvt:

    
       URxvt.font: -misc-fixed-medium-r-semicondensed--13-120-75-75-c-60-iso8859-1
       URxvt.boldFont: -misc-fixed-bold-r-semicondensed--13-120-75-75-c-60-iso8859-1
    
    
    Rxvt-unicode does not seem to understand the selected encoding?
    Unicode does not seem to work?
    If you encounter strange problems like typing an accented character but getting two unrelated other characters or similar, or if program output is subtly garbled, then you should check your locale settings.

    Rxvt-unicode must be started with the same LC_CTYPE
    setting as the programs. Often rxvt-unicode is started in the C
    locale, while the login script running within the rxvt-unicode window changes the locale to sth. else, e.h. en_GB.UTF-8
    . Needless to say, this is not going to work.

    The best thing is to fix your startup environment, as you will likely run into other problems. If nothing works you can try this in your .profile.

    
      printf '\e]701;%s\007' "$LC_CTYPE"
    
    

    If this doesn't work, then maybe you use a LC_CTYPE
    specification not supported on your systems. Some systems have a locale
    command which displays this. If it displays sth. like:

    
      locale: Cannot set LC_CTYPE to default locale: ...
    
    

    Then the locale you specified is not supported on your system.

    If nothing works and you are sure that everything is set correctly then you will need to remember a little known fact: Some programs just don't support locales :(

    Why do some characters look so much different than others?
    How does rxvt-unicode choose fonts?
    Most fonts do not contain the full range of Unicode, which is fine. Chances are that the font you (or the admin/package maintainer of your system/os) have specified does not cover all the characters you want to display.

    rxvt-unicode makes a best-effort try at finding a replacement font. Often the result is fine, but sometimes the chosen font looks bad. Many fonts have totally strange characters that don't resemble the correct glyph at all, and rxvt-unicode lacks the artificial intelligence to detect that a specific glyph is wrong: it has to believe the font that the characters it contains indeed look correct.

    In that case, select a font of your taste and add it to the font list, e.g.:

    
       urxvt -fn basefont,font2,font3...
    
    

    When rxvt-unicode sees a character, it will first look at the base font. If the base font does not contain the character, it will go to the next font, and so on. Specifying your own fonts will also speed up this search and use less resources within rxvt-unicode and the X-server.

    The only limitation is that all the fonts must not be larger than the base font, as the base font defines the principal cell size, which must be the same due to the way terminals work.

    Why do some chinese characters look so different than others?
    This is because there is a difference between script and language --- rxvt-unicode does not know which language the text that is output is, as it only knows the unicode character codes. If rxvt-unicode first sees a japanese character, it might choose a japanese font for it. Subsequent japanese characters will take that font. Now, many chinese characters aren't represented in japanese fonts, so when the first non-japanese character comes up, rxvt-unicode will look for a chinese font --- unfortunately at this point, it will still use the japanese font for japanese characters that are also chinese.

    The workaround is easy: just tag a chinese font at the end of your font list (see the previous question). The key is to view the font list as a preference list: If you expect more japanese, list a japanese font first. If you expect more chinese, put a chinese font first.

    In the future it might be possible to switch preferences at runtime (the internal data structure has no problem with using different fonts for the same character at the same time, but no interface for this has been designed yet).

    Why does rxvt-unicode sometimes leave pixel droppings?
    Most fonts were not designed for terminal use, which means that character size varies a lot. A font that is otherwise fine for terminal use might contain some characters that are simply too wide. Rxvt-unicode will avoid these characters. For characters that are just ``a bit'' too wide a special ``careful'' rendering mode is used that redraws adjacent characters.

    All of this requires that fonts do not lie about character sizes, however: Xft fonts often draw glyphs larger than their acclaimed bounding box, and rxvt-unicode has no way of detecting this (the correct way is to ask for the character bounding box, which unfortunately is wrong in these cases).

    It's not clear (to me at least), wether this is a bug in Xft, freetype, or the respective font. If you encounter this problem there is no way to work around this except by using a different font.

    All of this is not a problem when using X11 core fonts, as their bounding box data is correct.

    My Compose (Multi_key) key is no longer working.
    The most common causes for this are that either your locale is not set correctly, or you specified a preeditStyle that is not supported by your input method. For example, if you specified OverTheSpot and your input method (e.g. the default input method handling Compose keys) does not support this (for instance because it is not visual), then rxvt-unicode will continue without an input method.

    In this case either do not specify a preeditStyle or specify more than one pre-edit style, such as OverTheSpot,Root,None.

    I cannot type Ctrl-Shift-2
    to get an ASCII NUL character due to ISO 14755
    Either try Ctrl-2
    alone (it often is mapped to ASCII NUL even on international keyboards) or simply use ISO 14755 support to your advantage, typing <Ctrl-Shift-0> to get a ASCII NUL. This works for other codes, too, such as Ctrl-Shift-1-d
    to type the default telnet escape character and so on.
    How can I keep rxvt-unicode from using reverse video so much?
    First of all, make sure you are running with the right terminfo ( urxvt
    ), which will get rid of most of these effects. Then make sure you have specified colours for italic and bold, as otherwise rxvt-unicode might use reverse video to simulate the effect:

    
       URxvt*colorBD:  white
       URxvt*colorIT:  green
    
    
    Some programs assume totally weird colours (red instead of blue), how can I fix that?
    For some unexplainable reason, some programs (i.e. irssi) assume a very weird colour palette when confronted with a terminal with more than the standard 8 colours (rxvt-unicode supports 88). The right fix is, of course, to fix these programs not to assume non-ISO colours without very good reasons.

    In the meantime, you can either edit your urxvt
    terminfo definition to only claim 8 colour support or use TERM=rxvt
    , which will fix colours but keep you from using other rxvt-unicode features.

    I am on FreeBSD and rxvt-unicode does not seem to work at all.
    Rxvt-unicode requires the symbol __STDC_ISO_10646__
    to be defined in your compile environment, or an implementation that implements it, wether it defines the symbol or not. __STDC_ISO_10646__
    requires that wchar_t is represented as unicode.

    As you might have guessed, FreeBSD does neither define this symobl nor does it support it. Instead, it uses it's own internal representation of wchar_t. This is, of course, completely legal.

    However, __STDC_ISO_10646__
    is the only sane way to support multi-language apps in an OS, as using a locale-dependent (and non-standardized) representation of wchar_t makes it impossible to convert between wchar_t (as used by X11 and your applications) and any other encoding without implementing OS-specific-wrappers for each and every locale. There simply are no APIs to convert wchar_t into anything except the current locale encoding.

    Some applications (such as the formidable mlterm) work around this by carrying their own replacement functions for character set handling with them, and either implementing OS-dependent hacks or doing multiple conversions (which is slow and unreliable in case the OS implements encodings slightly different than the terminal emulator).

    The rxvt-unicode author insists that the right way to fix this is in the system libraries once and for all, instead of forcing every app to carry complete replacements.

    How does rxvt-unicode determine the encoding to use?
    Is there an option to switch encodings?
    Unlike some other terminals, rxvt-unicode has no encoding switch, and no specific ``utf-8'' mode, such as xterm. In fact, it doesn't even know about UTF-8 or any other encodings with respect to terminal I/O.

    The reasons is that there exists a perfectly fine mechanism for selecting the encoding, doing I/O and (most important) communicating this to all applications so everybody agrees on character properties such as width and code number. This mechanism is the locale.

    Rxvt-unicode uses the LC_CTYPE
    locale category to select encoding. All programs doing the same (that is, most) will automatically agree in the interpretation of characters.

    Unfortunately, there is no system-independent way to select locales, nor is there a standard on how locale specifiers will look like.

    On most systems, the content of the LC_CTYPE
    environment variable contains an arbitrary string which corresponds to an already-installed locale. Common names for locales are en_US.UTF-8
    , de_DE.ISO-8859-15
    , ja_JP.EUC-JP
    , i.e. language_country.encoding
    , but other forms (i.e. de
    or german
    ) are also common.

    Rxvt-unicode ignores all other locale categories, and except for the encoding, ignores country or language-specific settings, i.e. de_DE.UTF-8
    and ja_JP.UTF-8
    are the same for rxvt-unicode.

    If you want to use a specific encoding you have to make sure you start rxvt-unicode with the correct LC_CTYPE
    category.

    Can I switch locales at runtime?
    Yes, using an escape sequence. Try sth. like this, which sets rxvt-unicode's idea of LC_CTYPE
    .

    
      printf '\e]701;%s\007' ja_JP.SJIS
    
    

    See also the previous question.

    Sometimes this capability is rather handy when you want to work in one locale (e.g. de_DE.UTF-8
    ) but some programs don't support UTF-8. For example, I use this script to start xjdic
    , which first switches to a locale supported by xjdic and back later:

    
       printf '\e]701;%s\007' ja_JP.SJIS
       xjdic -js
       printf '\e]701;%s\007' de_DE.UTF-8
    
    
    Can I switch the fonts at runtime?
    Yes, using an escape sequence. Try sth. like this, which has the same effect as using the -fn
    switch, and takes effect immediately:

    
       printf '\e]50;%s\007' "9x15bold,xft:Kochi Gothic"
    
    

    This is useful if you e.g. work primarily with japanese (and prefer a japanese font), but you have to switch to chinese temporarily, where japanese fonts would only be in your way.

    You can think of this as a kind of manual ISO-2022 switching.

    Why do italic characters look as if clipped?
    Many fonts have difficulties with italic characters and hinting. For example, the otherwise very nicely hinted font xft:Bitstream Vera Sans Mono
    completely fails in it's italic face. A workaround is to enable freetype autohinting, i.e. like this:

    
       URxvt*italicFont:        xft:Bitstream Vera Sans Mono:italic:autohint=true
       URxvt*boldItalicFont:    xft:Bitstream Vera Sans Mono:bold:italic:autohint=true
    
    
    My input method wants <some encoding> but I want UTF-8, what can I do?
    You can specify separate locales for the input method and the rest of the terminal, using the resource imlocale
    :

    
       URxvt*imlocale: ja_JP.EUC-JP
    
    

    Now you can start your terminal with LC_CTYPE=ja_JP.UTF-8
    and still use your input method. Please note, however, that you will not be able to input characters outside EUC-JP
    in a normal way then, as your input method limits you.

    Rxvt-unicode uses gobs of memory, how can I reduce that?
    Rxvt-unicode tries to obey the rule of not charging you for sth. you don't use. One thing you should try is to configure out all settings that you don't need, for example, Xft support is a resource hog by design, when used. Compiling it out ensures that no Xft font will be loaded accidentally when rxvt-unicode tries to find a font for your characters.

    Also, many people (me included) like large windows and even larger scrollback buffers: Without --enable-unicode3
    , rxvt-unicode will use 6 bytes per screen cell. For a 160x?? window this amounts to almost a kilobyte per line. A scrollback buffer of 10000 lines will then (if full) use 10 Megabytes of memory. With --enable-unicode3
    it gets worse, as rxvt-unicode then uses 8 bytes per screen cell.

    Can I speed up Xft rendering somehow?
    Yes, the most obvious way to speed it up is to avoid Xft entirely, as it is simply slow. If you still want Xft fonts you might try to disable antialiasing (by appending :antialiasing=false
    ), which saves lots of memory and also speeds up rendering considerably.
    Rxvt-unicode doesn't seem to anti-alias its fonts, what is wrong?
    Rxvt-unicode will use whatever you specify as a font. If it needs to fall back to it's default font search list it will prefer X11 core fonts, because they are small and fast, and then use Xft fonts. It has antialiasing disabled for most of them, because the author thinks they look best that way.

    If you want antialiasing, you have to specify the fonts manually.

    Mouse cut/paste suddenly no longer works.
    Make sure that mouse reporting is actually turned off since killing some editors prematurely may leave the mouse in mouse report mode. I've heard that tcsh may use mouse reporting unless it otherwise specified. A quick check is to see if cut/paste works when the Alt or Shift keys are depressed. See urxvt(7)
    What's with this bold/blink stuff?
    If no bold colour is set via colorBD:
    , bold will invert text using the standard foreground colour.

    For the standard background colour, blinking will actually make the text blink when compiled with --enable-blinking
    . with standard colours. Without --enable-blinking
    , the blink attribute will be ignored.

    On ANSI colours, bold/blink attributes are used to set high-intensity foreground/background colors.

    color0-7 are the low-intensity colors.

    color8-15 are the corresponding high-intensity colors.

    I don't like the screen colors. How do I change them?
    You can change the screen colors at run-time using ~/.Xdefaults resources (or as long-options).

    Here are values that are supposed to resemble a VGA screen, including the murky brown that passes for low-intensity yellow:

    
       URxvt*color0:   #000000
       URxvt*color1:   #A80000
       URxvt*color2:   #00A800
       URxvt*color3:   #A8A800
       URxvt*color4:   #0000A8
       URxvt*color5:   #A800A8
       URxvt*color6:   #00A8A8
       URxvt*color7:   #A8A8A8
    
    

    
       URxvt*color8:   #000054
       URxvt*color9:   #FF0054
       URxvt*color10:  #00FF54
       URxvt*color11:  #FFFF54
       URxvt*color12:  #0000FF
       URxvt*color13:  #FF00FF
       URxvt*color14:  #00FFFF
       URxvt*color15:  #FFFFFF
    
    

    And here is a more complete set of non-standard colors described as ``pretty girly'':

    
       URxvt.cursorColor:  #dc74d1
       URxvt.pointerColor: #dc74d1
       URxvt.background:   #0e0e0e
       URxvt.foreground:   #4ad5e1
       URxvt.color0:       #000000
       URxvt.color8:       #8b8f93
       URxvt.color1:       #dc74d1
       URxvt.color9:       #dc74d1
       URxvt.color2:       #0eb8c7
       URxvt.color10:      #0eb8c7
       URxvt.color3:       #dfe37e
       URxvt.color11:      #dfe37e
       URxvt.color5:       #9e88f0
       URxvt.color13:      #9e88f0
       URxvt.color6:       #73f7ff
       URxvt.color14:      #73f7ff
       URxvt.color7:       #e1dddd
       URxvt.color15:      #e1dddd
    
    
    What's with the strange Backspace/Delete key behaviour?
    Assuming that the physical Backspace key corresponds to the BackSpace keysym (not likely for Linux ... see the following question) there are two standard values that can be used for Backspace: ^H
    and ^?
    .

    Historically, either value is correct, but rxvt-unicode adopts the debian policy of using ^?
    when unsure, because it's the one only only correct choice :).

    Rxvt-unicode tries to inherit the current stty settings and uses the value of `erase' to guess the value for backspace. If rxvt-unicode wasn't started from a terminal (say, from a menu or by remote shell), then the system value of `erase', which corresponds to CERASE in <termios.h>, will be used (which may not be the same as your stty setting).

    For starting a new rxvt-unicode:

    
       # use Backspace = ^H
       $ stty erase ^H
       $ urxvt
    
    

    
       # use Backspace = ^?
       $ stty erase ^?
       $ urxvt
    
    

    Toggle with ``ESC[36h'' / ``ESC[36l'' as documented in urxvt(7).

    For an existing rxvt-unicode:

    
       # use Backspace = ^H
       $ stty erase ^H
       $ echo -n "^[[36h"
    
    

    
       # use Backspace = ^?
       $ stty erase ^?
       $ echo -n "^[[36l"
    
    

    This helps satisfy some of the Backspace discrepancies that occur, but if you use Backspace = ^H
    , make sure that the termcap/terminfo value properly reflects that.

    The Delete key is a another casualty of the ill-defined Backspace problem. To avoid confusion between the Backspace and Delete keys, the Delete key has been assigned an escape sequence to match the vt100 for Execute (ESC[3~) and is in the supplied termcap/terminfo.

    Some other Backspace problems:

    some editors use termcap/terminfo, some editors (vim I'm told) expect Backspace = ^H, GNU Emacs (and Emacs-like editors) use ^H for help.

    Perhaps someday this will all be resolved in a consistent manner.

    I don't like the key-bindings. How do I change them?
    There are some compile-time selections available via configure. Unless you have run ``configure'' with the --disable-resources
    option you can use the `keysym' resource to alter the keystrings associated with keysym 0xFF00 - 0xFFFF (function, cursor keys, etc).

    Here's an example for a tn3270 session started using `urxvt -name tn3270'

    
       !#  ----- special uses ------:
       ! tn3270 login, remap function and arrow keys.
       tn3270*font:      *clean-bold-*-*--15-*
    
    

    
       ! keysym - used by rxvt only
       ! Delete - ^D
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFFF:      \004
    
    

    
       ! Home - ^A
       tn3270*keysym.0xFF50:      \001
       ! Left - ^B
       tn3270*keysym.0xFF51:      \002
       ! Up - ^P
       tn3270*keysym.0xFF52:      \020
       ! Right - ^F
       tn3270*keysym.0xFF53:      \006
       ! Down - ^N
       tn3270*keysym.0xFF54:      \016
       ! End - ^E
       tn3270*keysym.0xFF57:      \005
    
    

    
       ! F1 - F12
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFBE:      \e1
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFBF:      \e2
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC0:      \e3
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC1:      \e4
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC2:      \e5
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC3:      \e6
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC4:      \e7
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC5:      \e8
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC6:      \e9
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC7:      \e0
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC8:      \e-
       tn3270*keysym.0xFFC9:      \e=
    
    

    
       ! map Prior/Next to F7/F8
       tn3270*keysym.0xFF55:      \e7
       tn3270*keysym.0xFF56:      \e8
    
    
    I'm using keyboard model XXX that has extra Prior/Next/Insert keys. How do I make use of them? For example, the Sun Keyboard type 4 has the following mappings that rxvt-unicode doesn't recognize.
    
       KP_Insert == Insert
       F22 == Print
       F27 == Home
       F29 == Prior
       F33 == End
       F35 == Next
    
    

    Rather than have rxvt-unicode try to accommodate all the various possible keyboard mappings, it is better to use `xmodmap' to remap the keys as required for your particular machine.

    How do I distinguish if I'm running rxvt-unicode or a regular xterm? I need this to decide about setting colors etc.
    rxvt and rxvt-unicode always export the variable ``COLORTERM'', so you can check and see if that is set. Note that several programs, JED, slrn, Midnight Commander automatically check this variable to decide whether or not to use color.
    How do I set the correct, full IP address for the DISPLAY variable?
    If you've compiled rxvt-unicode with DISPLAY_IS_IP and have enabled insecure mode then it is possible to use the following shell script snippets to correctly set the display. If your version of rxvt-unicode wasn't also compiled with ESCZ_ANSWER (as assumed in these snippets) then the COLORTERM variable can be used to distinguish rxvt-unicode from a regular xterm.

    Courtesy of Chuck Blake <cblake@BBN.COM> with the following shell script snippets:

    
       # Bourne/Korn/POSIX family of shells:
       [ ${TERM:-foo} = foo ] && TERM=xterm # assume an xterm if we don't know
       if [ ${TERM:-foo} = xterm ]; then
          stty -icanon -echo min 0 time 15 # see if enhanced rxvt or not
          echo -n '^[Z'
          read term_id
          stty icanon echo
          if [ ""${term_id} = '^[[?1;2C' -a ${DISPLAY:-foo} = foo ]; then
             echo -n '^[[7n'        # query the rxvt we are in for the DISPLAY string
             read DISPLAY           # set it in our local shell
          fi
       fi
    
    
    How do I compile the manual pages for myself?
    You need to have a recent version of perl installed as /usr/bin/perl, one that comes with pod2man, pod2text and pod2html. Then go to the doc subdirectory and enter make alldoc
    .
    My question isn't answered here, can I ask a human?
    Before sending me mail, you could go to IRC: irc.freenode.net
    , channel #rxvt-unicode
    has some rxvt-unicode enthusiasts that might be interested in learning about new and exciting problems (but not FAQs :).
     

    SYNOPSIS

    
       # set a new font set
       printf '\33]50;%s\007' 9x15,xft:Kochi" Mincho"
    
    

    
       # change the locale and tell rxvt-unicode about it
       export LC_CTYPE=ja_JP.EUC-JP; printf "\33]701;$LC_CTYPE\007"
    
    

    
       # set window title
       printf '\33]2;%s\007' "new window title"
    
    
     

    DESCRIPTION

    The rest of this document describes various technical aspects of rxvt-unicode. First the description of supported command sequences, followed by menu and pixmap support and last by a description of all features selectable at configure
    time.  

    RXVT TECHNICAL REFERENCE

     

    Definitions

    c
    The literal character c.
    C
    A single (required) character.
    Ps
    A single (usually optional) numeric parameter, composed of one or more digits.
    Pm
    A multiple numeric parameter composed of any number of single numeric parameters, separated by ;
    character(s).
    Pt
    A text parameter composed of printable characters.
     

    Values

    ENQ
    Enquiry (Ctrl-E) = Send Device Attributes (DA) request attributes from terminal. See ESC [ Ps c
    .
    BEL
    Bell (Ctrl-G)
    BS
    Backspace (Ctrl-H)
    TAB
    Horizontal Tab (HT) (Ctrl-I)
    LF
    Line Feed or New Line (NL) (Ctrl-J)
    VT
    Vertical Tab (Ctrl-K) same as LF
    FF
    Form Feed or New Page (NP) (Ctrl-L) same as LF
    CR
    Carriage Return (Ctrl-M)
    SO
    Shift Out (Ctrl-N), invokes the G1 character set. Switch to Alternate Character Set
    SI
    Shift In (Ctrl-O), invokes the G0 character set (the default). Switch to Standard Character Set
    SPC
    Space Character
     

    Escape Sequences

    ESC # 8
    DEC Screen Alignment Test (DECALN)
    ESC 7
    Save Cursor (SC)
    ESC 8
    Restore Cursor
    ESC =
    Application Keypad (SMKX). See also next sequence.
    ESC
    Normal Keypad (RMKX)

    Note: If the numeric keypad is activated, eg, Num_Lock has been pressed, numbers or control functions are generated by the numeric keypad (see Key Codes).

    ESC D
    Index (IND)
    ESC E
    Next Line (NEL)
    ESC H
    Tab Set (HTS)
    ESC M
    Reverse Index (RI)
    ESC N
    Single Shift Select of G2 Character Set (SS2): affects next character only unimplemented
    ESC O
    Single Shift Select of G3 Character Set (SS3): affects next character only unimplemented
    ESC Z
    Obsolete form of returns: ESC[?1;2C
    rxvt-unicode compile-time option
    ESC c
    Full reset (RIS)
    ESC n
    Invoke the G2 Character Set (LS2)
    ESC o
    Invoke the G3 Character Set (LS3)
    ESC
    ( C>
    Designate G0 Character Set (ISO 2022), see below for values of C
    .
    ESC
    ) C>
    Designate G1 Character Set (ISO 2022), see below for values of C
    .
    ESC * C
    Designate G2 Character Set (ISO 2022), see below for values of C
    .
    ESC + C
    Designate G3 Character Set (ISO 2022), see below for values of C
    .
    ESC $ C
    Designate Kanji Character Set

    Where C
    is one of:
    C = 0 DEC Special Character and Line Drawing Set
    C = A United Kingdom (UK)
    C = B United States (USASCII)
    C = <Multinational character set unimplemented
    C = 5 Finnish character set unimplemented
    C = C Finnish character set unimplemented
    C = K German character set unimplemented

     

    CSI (Command Sequence Introducer) Sequences

    ESC [ Ps @
    Insert Ps
    (Blank) Character(s) [default: 1] (ICH)
    ESC [ Ps A
    Cursor Up Ps
    Times [default: 1] (CUU)
    ESC [ Ps B
    Cursor Down Ps
    Times [default: 1] (CUD)
    ESC [ Ps C
    Cursor Forward Ps
    Times [default: 1] (CUF)
    ESC [ Ps D
    Cursor Backward Ps
    Times [default: 1] (CUB)
    ESC [ Ps E
    Cursor Down Ps
    Times [default: 1] and to first column
    ESC [ Ps F
    Cursor Up Ps
    Times [default: 1] and to first column
    ESC [ Ps G
    Cursor to Column Ps
    (HPA)
    ESC [ Ps;Ps H
    Cursor Position [row;column] [default: 1;1] (CUP)
    ESC [ Ps I
    Move forward Ps
    tab stops [default: 1]
    ESC [ Ps J
    Erase in Display (ED)
    Ps = 0Clear Below (default)
    Ps = 1Clear Above
    Ps = 2Clear All

    ESC [ Ps K
    Erase in Line (EL)
    Ps = 0Clear to Right (default)
    Ps = 1Clear to Left
    Ps = 2Clear All

    ESC [ Ps L
    Insert Ps
    Line(s) [default: 1] (IL)
    ESC [ Ps M
    Delete Ps
    Line(s) [default: 1] (DL)
    ESC [ Ps P
    Delete Ps
    Character(s) [default: 1] (DCH)
    ESC [ Ps;Ps;Ps;Ps;Ps T
    Initiate . unimplemented Parameters are [func;startx;starty;firstrow;lastrow].
    ESC [ Ps W
    Tabulator functions
    Ps = 0Tab Set (HTS)
    Ps = 2Tab Clear (TBC), Clear Current Column (default)
    Ps = 5Tab Clear (TBC), Clear All

    ESC [ Ps X
    Erase Ps
    Character(s) [default: 1] (ECH)
    ESC [ Ps Z
    Move backward Ps
    [default: 1] tab stops
    ESC [ Ps '
    See ESC [ Ps G
    ESC [ Ps a
    See ESC [ Ps C
    ESC [ Ps c
    Send Device Attributes (DA) Ps = 0
    (or omitted): request attributes from terminal returns: ESC[?1;2c
    (``I am a VT100 with Advanced Video Option'')
    ESC [ Ps d
    Cursor to Line Ps
    (VPA)
    ESC [ Ps e
    See ESC [ Ps A
    ESC [ Ps;Ps f
    Horizontal and Vertical Position [row;column] (HVP) [default: 1;1]
    ESC [ Ps g
    Tab Clear (TBC)
    Ps = 0Clear Current Column (default)
    Ps = 3Clear All (TBC)

    ESC [ Pm h
    Set Mode (SM). See ESC [ Pm l
    sequence for description of Pm
    .
    ESC [ Ps i
    Printing. See also the print-pipe
    resource.
    Ps = 0print screen (MC0)
    Ps = 4disable transparent print mode (MC4)
    Ps = 5enable transparent print mode (MC5)

    ESC [ Pm l
    Reset Mode (RM)
    Ps = 4
    hInsert Mode (SMIR)
    lReplace Mode (RMIR)

    Ps = 20
    (partially implemented)
    hAutomatic Newline (LNM)
    lNormal Linefeed (LNM)

    ESC [ Pm m
    Character Attributes (SGR)
    Ps = 0Normal (default)
    Ps = 1 / 21On / Off Bold (bright fg)
    Ps = 3 / 23On / Off Italic
    Ps = 4 / 24On / Off Underline
    Ps = 5 / 25On / Off Slow Blink (bright bg)
    Ps = 6 / 26On / Off Rapid Blink (bright bg)
    Ps = 7 / 27On / Off Inverse
    Ps = 8 / 27On / Off Invisible (NYI)
    Ps = 30 / 40fg/bg Black
    Ps = 31 / 41fg/bg Red
    Ps = 32 / 42fg/bg Green
    Ps = 33 / 43fg/bg Yellow
    Ps = 34 / 44fg/bg Blue
    Ps = 35 / 45fg/bg Magenta
    Ps = 36 / 46fg/bg Cyan
    Ps = 38;5 / 48;5set fg/bg to color #m (ISO 8613-6)
    Ps = 37 / 47fg/bg White
    Ps = 39 / 49fg/bg Default
    Ps = 90 / 100fg/bg Bright Black
    Ps = 91 / 101fg/bg Bright Red
    Ps = 92 / 102fg/bg Bright Green
    Ps = 93 / 103fg/bg Bright Yellow
    Ps = 94 / 104fg/bg Bright Blue
    Ps = 95 / 105fg/bg Bright Magenta
    Ps = 96 / 106fg/bg Bright Cyan
    Ps = 97 / 107fg/bg Bright White
    Ps = 99 / 109fg/bg Bright Default

    ESC [ Ps n
    Device Status Report (DSR)
    Ps = 5Status Report ESC [ 0 n (``OK'')
    Ps = 6Report Cursor Position (CPR) [row;column] as ESC [ r ; c R
    Ps = 7Request Display Name
    Ps = 8Request Version Number (place in window title)

    ESC [ Ps;Ps r
    Set Scrolling Region [top;bottom] [default: full size of window] (CSR)
    ESC [ s
    Save Cursor (SC)
    ESC [ Ps x
    Request Terminal Parameters (DECREQTPARM)
    ESC [ u
    Restore Cursor

     

    DEC Private Modes

    ESC [ ? Pm h
    DEC Private Mode Set (DECSET)
    ESC [ ? Pm l
    DEC Private Mode Reset (DECRST)
    ESC [ ? Pm r
    Restore previously saved DEC Private Mode Values.
    ESC [ ? Pm s
    Save DEC Private Mode Values.
    ESC [ ? Pm t
    Toggle DEC Private Mode Values (rxvt extension). where
    Ps = 1
    (DECCKM)
    hApplication Cursor Keys
    lNormal Cursor Keys

    Ps = 2
    (ANSI/VT52 mode)
    hEnter VT52 mode
    lEnter VT52 mode

    Ps = 3
    h132 Column Mode (DECCOLM)
    l80 Column Mode (DECCOLM)

    Ps = 4
    hSmooth (Slow) Scroll (DECSCLM)
    lJump (Fast) Scroll (DECSCLM)

    Ps = 5
    hReverse Video (DECSCNM)
    lNormal Video (DECSCNM)

    Ps = 6
    hOrigin Mode (DECOM)
    lNormal Cursor Mode (DECOM)

    Ps = 7
    hWraparound Mode (DECAWM)
    lNo Wraparound Mode (DECAWM)

    Ps = 8
    unimplemented
    hAuto-repeat Keys (DECARM)
    lNo Auto-repeat Keys (DECARM)

    Ps = 9
    X10 XTerm
    hSend Mouse X & Y on button press.
    lNo mouse reporting.

    Ps = 10
    (rxvt)
    hmenuBar visible
    lmenuBar invisible

    Ps = 25
    hVisible cursor {cnorm/cvvis}
    lInvisible cursor {civis}

    Ps = 30
    hscrollBar visisble
    lscrollBar invisisble

    Ps = 35
    (rxvt)
    hAllow XTerm Shift+key sequences
    lDisallow XTerm Shift+key sequences

    Ps = 38
    unimplemented
    Enter Tektronix Mode (DECTEK)
    Ps = 40
    hAllow 80/132 Mode
    lDisallow 80/132 Mode

    Ps = 44
    unimplemented
    hTurn On Margin Bell
    lTurn Off Margin Bell

    Ps = 45
    unimplemented
    hReverse-wraparound Mode
    lNo Reverse-wraparound Mode

    Ps = 46
    unimplemented
    Ps = 47
    hUse Alternate Screen Buffer
    lUse Normal Screen Buffer

    Ps = 66
    hApplication Keypad (DECPAM) == ESC =
    lNormal Keypad (DECPNM) == ESC >

    Ps = 67
    hBackspace key sends BS (DECBKM)
    lBackspace key sends DEL

    Ps = 1000
    (X11 XTerm)
    hSend Mouse X & Y on button press and release.
    lNo mouse reporting.

    Ps = 1001
    (X11 XTerm) unimplemented
    hUse Hilite Mouse Tracking.
    lNo mouse reporting.

    Ps = 1010
    (rxvt)
    hDon't scroll to bottom on TTY output
    lScroll to bottom on TTY output

    Ps = 1011
    (rxvt)
    hScroll to bottom when a key is pressed
    lDon't scroll to bottom when a key is pressed

    Ps = 1047
    hUse Alternate Screen Buffer
    lUse Normal Screen Buffer - clear Alternate Screen Buffer if returning from it

    Ps = 1048
    hSave cursor position
    lRestore cursor position

    Ps = 1049
    hUse Alternate Screen Buffer - clear Alternate Screen Buffer if switching to it
    lUse Normal Screen Buffer

     

    XTerm Operating System Commands

    ESC ] Ps;Pt ST
    Set XTerm Parameters. 8-bit ST: 0x9c, 7-bit ST sequence: ESC \ (0x1b, 0x5c), backwards compatible terminator BEL (0x07) is also accepted. any octet can be escaped by prefixing it with SYN (0x16, ^V).
    Ps = 0Change Icon Name and Window Title to Pt
    Ps = 1Change Icon Name to Pt
    Ps = 2Change Window Title to Pt
    Ps = 3If Pt starts with a ?, query the (STRING) property of the window and return it. If Pt contains a =, set the named property to the given value, else delete the specified property.
    Ps = 4Pt is a semi-colon separated sequence of one or more semi-colon separated number/name pairs, where number is an index to a colour and name is the name of a colour. Each pair causes the numbered colour to be changed to name. Numbers 0-7 corresponds to low-intensity (normal) colours and 8-15 corresponds to high-intensity colours. 0=black, 1=red, 2=green, 3=yellow, 4=blue, 5=magenta, 6=cyan, 7=white
    Ps = 10Change colour of text foreground to Pt (NB: may change in future)
    Ps = 11Change colour of text background to Pt (NB: may change in future)
    Ps = 12Change colour of text cursor foreground to Pt
    Ps = 13Change colour of mouse foreground to Pt
    Ps = 17Change colour of highlight characters to Pt
    Ps = 18Change colour of bold characters to Pt
    Ps = 19Change colour of underlined characters to Pt
    Ps = 20Change default background to Pt
    Ps = 39Change default foreground colour to Pt rxvt compile-time option
    Ps = 46Change Log File to Pt unimplemented
    Ps = 49Change default background colour to Pt rxvt compile-time option
    Ps = 50Set fontset to Pt, with the following special values of Pt (rxvt) #+n change up n #-n change down n if n is missing of 0, a value of 1 is used empty change to font0 n change to font n
    Ps = 55Log all scrollback buffer and all of screen to Pt
    Ps = 701Change current locale to Pt, or, if Pt is ?, return the current locale (urxvt extension)
    Ps = 703Menubar command Pt rxvt compile-time option (rxvt-unicode extension)
    Ps = 704Change colour of italic characters to Pt
    Ps = 705Change background pixmap tint colour to Pt
    Ps = 710Set normal fontset to Pt. Same as Ps = 50.
    Ps = 711Set bold fontset to Pt. Similar to Ps = 50.
    Ps = 712Set italic fontset to Pt. Similar to Ps = 50.
    Ps = 713Set bold-italic fontset to Pt. Similar to Ps = 50.

     

    menuBar

    The exact syntax used is almost solidified. In the menus, DON'T try to use menuBar commands that add or remove a menuBar.

    Note that in all of the commands, the /path/ cannot be omitted: use ./ to specify a menu relative to the current menu.  

    Overview of menuBar operation

    For the menuBar XTerm escape sequence ESC ] 703 ; Pt ST
    , the syntax of Pt
    can be used for a variety of tasks:

    At the top level is the current menuBar which is a member of a circular linked-list of other such menuBars.

    The menuBar acts as a parent for the various drop-down menus, which in turn, may have labels, separator lines, menuItems and subMenus.

    The menuItems are the useful bits: you can use them to mimic keyboard input or even to send text or escape sequences back to rxvt.

    The menuBar syntax is intended to provide a simple yet robust method of constructing and manipulating menus and navigating through the menuBars.

    The first step is to use the tag [menu:name] which creates the menuBar called name and allows access. You may now or menus, subMenus, and menuItems. Finally, use the tag [done] to set the menuBar access as readonly to prevent accidental corruption of the menus. To re-access the current menuBar for alterations, use the tag [menu], make the alterations and then use [done]

     

    Commands

    [menu:+name]
    access the named menuBar for creation or alteration. If a new menuBar is created, it is called name (max of 15 chars) and the current menuBar is pushed onto the stack
    [menu]
    access the current menuBar for alteration
    [title:+string]
    set the current menuBar's title to string, which may contain the following format specifiers: %% : literal % character %n : rxvt name (as per the -name command-line option) %v : rxvt version
    [done]
    set menuBar access as readonly. End-of-file tag for [read:+file] operations.
    [read:+file]
    read menu commands directly from file (extension ``.menu'' will be appended if required.) Start reading at a line with [menu] or [menu:+name and continuing until [done] is encountered.

    Blank and comment lines (starting with #) are ignored. Actually, since any invalid menu commands are also ignored, almost anything could be construed as a comment line, but this may be tightened up in the future ... so don't count on it!.

    [read:+file;+name]
    The same as [read:+file], but start reading at a line with [menu:+name] and continuing until [done:+name] or [done] is encountered.
    [dump]
    dump all menuBars to the file /tmp/rxvt-PID in a format suitable for later rereading.
    [rm:name]
    remove the named menuBar
    [rm] [rm:]
    remove the current menuBar
    [rm*] [rm:*]
    remove all menuBars
    [swap]
    swap the top two menuBars
    [prev]
    access the previous menuBar
    [next]
    access the next menuBar
    [show]
    Enable display of the menuBar
    [hide]
    Disable display of the menuBar
    [pixmap:+name]
    [pixmap:+name;scaling]
    (set the background pixmap globally

    A Future implementation may make this local to the menubar)

    [:+command:]
    ignore the menu readonly status and issue a command to or a menu or menuitem or change the ; a useful shortcut for setting the quick arrows from a menuBar.

     

    Adding and accessing menus

    The following commands may also be + prefixed.
    /+
    access menuBar top level
    ./+
    access current menu level
    ../+
    access parent menu (1 level up)
    ../../
    access parent menu (multiple levels up)
    /path/menu
    add/access menu
    /path/menu/*
    add/access menu and clear it if it exists
    /path/{-}
    add separator
    /path/{item}
    add item as a label
    /path/{item} action
    add/alter menuitem with an associated action
    /path/{item}{right-text}
    add/alter menuitem with right-text as the right-justified text and as the associated action
    /path/{item}{rtext} action
    add/alter menuitem with an associated action and with rtext as the right-justified text.
    Special characters in action must be backslash-escaped:
    \a \b \E \e \n \r \t \octal
    or in control-character notation:
    ^@, ^A .. ^Z .. ^_, ^?

    To send a string starting with a NUL (^@) character to the program, start action with a pair of NUL characters (^@^@), the first of which will be stripped off and the balance directed to the program. Otherwise if action begins with NUL followed by non-+NUL characters, the leading NUL is stripped off and the balance is sent back to rxvt.

    As a convenience for the many Emacs-type editors, action may start with M- (eg, M-$ is equivalent to \E$) and a CR will be appended if missed from M-x commands.

    As a convenience for issuing XTerm ESC] sequences from a menubar (or quick arrow), a BEL (^G) will be appended if needed.

    For example,
    M-xapropos is equivalent to \Exapropos\r
    and
    \E]703;mona;100 is equivalent to \E]703;mona;100\a

    The option {right-rtext} will be right-justified. In the absence of a specified action, this text will be used as the action as well.

    For example,
    /File/{Open}{^X^F} is equivalent to /File/{Open}{^X^F} ^X^F

    The left label is necessary, since it's used for matching, but implicitly hiding the left label (by using same name for both left and right labels), or explicitly hiding the left label (by preceeding it with a dot), makes it possible to have right-justified text only.

    For example,
    /File/{Open}{Open} Open-File-Action
    or hiding it
    /File/{.anylabel}{Open} Open-File-Action

     

    Removing menus

    -/*+
    remove all menus from the menuBar, the same as [clear]
    -+/pathmenu+
    remove menu
    -+/path{item}+
    remove item
    -+/path{-}
    remove separator)
    -/path/menu/*
    remove all items, separators and submenus from menu

     

    Quick Arrows

    The menus also provide a hook for quick arrows to provide easier user access. If nothing has been explicitly set, the default is to emulate the curror keys. The syntax permits each arrow to be altered individually or all four at once without re-entering their common beginning/end text. For example, to explicitly associate cursor actions with the arrows, any of the following forms could be used:
    <r>+Right
    <l>+Left
    <u>+Up
    <d>+Down
    Define actions for the respective arrow buttons
    <b>+Begin
    <e>+End
    Define common beginning/end parts for quick arrows which used in conjunction with the above <r> <l> <u> <d> constructs
    For example, define arrows individually,
    
     <u>\E[A
    
    

    
     <d>\E[B
    
    

    
     <r>\E[C
    
    

    
     <l>\E[D
    
    
    or all at once
    
     <u>\E[AZ<><d>\E[BZ<><r>\E[CZ<><l>\E[D
    
    
    or more compactly (factoring out common parts)
    
     <b>\E[<u>AZ<><d>BZ<><r>CZ<><l>D
    
    

     

    Command Summary

    A short summary of the most common commands:
    [menu:name]
    use an existing named menuBar or start a new one
    [menu]
    use the current menuBar
    [title:string]
    set menuBar title
    [done]
    set menu access to readonly and, if reading from a file, signal EOF
    [done:name]
    if reading from a file using [read:file;name] signal EOF
    [rm:name]
    remove named menuBar(s)
    [rm] [rm:]
    remove current menuBar
    [rm*] [rm:*]
    remove all menuBar(s)
    [swap]
    swap top two menuBars
    [prev]
    access the previous menuBar
    [next]
    access the next menuBar
    [show]
    map menuBar
    [hide]
    unmap menuBar
    [pixmap;file]
    [pixmap;file;scaling]
    set a background pixmap
    [read:file]
    [read:file;name]
    read in a menu from a file
    [dump]
    dump out all menuBars to /tmp/rxvt-PID
    /
    access menuBar top level
    ./
    ../
    ../../
    access current or parent menu level
    /path/menu
    add/access menu
    /path/{-}
    add separator
    /path/{item}{rtext} action
    add/alter menu item
    -/*
    remove all menus from the menuBar
    -/path/menu
    remove menu items, separators and submenus from menu
    -/path/menu
    remove menu
    -/path/{item}
    remove item
    -/path/{-}
    remove separator
    <b>Begin<r>Right<l>Left<u>Up<d>Down<e>End
    menu quick arrows
     

    XPM

    For the XPM XTerm escape sequence ESC ] 20 ; Pt ST
    then value of Pt
    can be the name of the background pixmap followed by a sequence of scaling/positioning commands separated by semi-colons. The scaling/positioning commands are as follows:
    query scale/position
    ?
    change scale and position
    WxH+X+Y

    WxH+X (== WxH+X+X)

    WxH (same as WxH+50+50)

    W+X+Y (same as WxW+X+Y)

    W+X (same as WxW+X+X)

    W (same as WxW+50+50)

    change position (absolute)
    =+X+Y

    =+X (same as =+X+Y)

    change position (relative)
    +X+Y

    +X (same as +X+Y)

    rescale (relative)
    Wx0 -> W *= (W/100)

    0xH -> H *= (H/100)

    For example:

    \E]20;funky\a
    load funky.xpm as a tiled image
    \E]20;mona;100\a
    load mona.xpm with a scaling of 100%
    \E]20;;200;?\a
    rescale the current pixmap to 200% and display the image geometry in the title
     

    Mouse Reporting

    ESC [ M <b> <x> <y>
    report mouse position

    The lower 2 bits of <b>
    indicate the button:

    Button = (<b> - SPACE) & 3
    0Button1 pressed
    1Button2 pressed
    2Button3 pressed
    3button released (X11 mouse report)

    The upper bits of <b>
    indicate the modifiers when the button was pressed and are added together (X11 mouse report only):

    State = (<b> - SPACE) & 60
    4Shift
    8Meta
    16Control
    32Double Click (Rxvt extension)

    Col = <x> - SPACE

    Row = <y> - SPACE

     

    Key Codes

    Note: Shift + F1-F10 generates F11-F20

    For the keypad, use Shift to temporarily override Application-Keypad setting use Num_Lock to toggle Application-Keypad setting if Num_Lock is off, toggle Application-Keypad setting. Also note that values of Home, End, Delete may have been compiled differently on your system.
    NormalShiftControlCtrl+Shift
    Tab^IESC [ Z^IESC [ Z
    BackSpace^H^?^?^?
    FindESC [ 1 ~ESC [ 1 $ESC [ 1 ^ESC [ 1 @
    InsertESC [ 2 ~pasteESC [ 2 ^ESC [ 2 @
    ExecuteESC [ 3 ~ESC [ 3 $ESC [ 3 ^ESC [ 3 @
    SelectESC [ 4 ~ESC [ 4 $ESC [ 4 ^ESC [ 4 @
    PriorESC [ 5 ~scroll-upESC [ 5 ^ESC [ 5 @
    NextESC [ 6 ~scroll-downESC [ 6 ^ESC [ 6 @
    HomeESC [ 7 ~ESC [ 7 $ESC [ 7 ^ESC [ 7 @
    EndESC [ 8 ~ESC [ 8 $ESC [ 8 ^ESC [ 8 @
    DeleteESC [ 3 ~ESC [ 3 $ESC [ 3 ^ESC [ 3 @
    F1ESC [ 11 ~ESC [ 23 ~ESC [ 11 ^ESC [ 23 ^
    F2ESC [ 12 ~ESC [ 24 ~ESC [ 12 ^ESC [ 24 ^
    F3ESC [ 13 ~ESC [ 25 ~ESC [ 13 ^ESC [ 25 ^
    F4ESC [ 14 ~ESC [ 26 ~ESC [ 14 ^ESC [ 26 ^
    F5ESC [ 15 ~ESC [ 28 ~ESC [ 15 ^ESC [ 28 ^
    F6ESC [ 17 ~ESC [ 29 ~ESC [ 17 ^ESC [ 29 ^
    F7ESC [ 18 ~ESC [ 31 ~ESC [ 18 ^ESC [ 31 ^
    F8ESC [ 19 ~ESC [ 32 ~ESC [ 19 ^ESC [ 32 ^
    F9ESC [ 20 ~ESC [ 33 ~ESC [ 20 ^ESC [ 33 ^
    F10ESC [ 21 ~ESC [ 34 ~ESC [ 21 ^ESC [ 34 ^
    F11ESC [ 23 ~ESC [ 23 $ESC [ 23 ^ESC [ 23 @
    F12ESC [ 24 ~ESC [ 24 $ESC [ 24 ^ESC [ 24 @
    F13ESC [ 25 ~ESC [ 25 $ESC [ 25 ^ESC [ 25 @
    F14ESC [ 26 ~ESC [ 26 $ESC [ 26 ^ESC [ 26 @
    F15 (Help)ESC [ 28 ~ESC [ 28 $ESC [ 28 ^ESC [ 28 @
    F16 (Menu)ESC [ 29 ~ESC [ 29 $ESC [ 29 ^ESC [ 29 @
    F17ESC [ 31 ~ESC [ 31 $ESC [ 31 ^ESC [ 31 @
    F18ESC [ 32 ~ESC [ 32 $ESC [ 32 ^ESC [ 32 @
    F19ESC [ 33 ~ESC [ 33 $ESC [ 33 ^ESC [ 33 @
    F20ESC [ 34 ~ESC [ 34 $ESC [ 34 ^ESC [ 34 @
    Application
    UpESC [ AESC [ aESC O aESC O A
    DownESC [ BESC [ bESC O bESC O B
    RightESC [ CESC [ cESC O cESC O C
    LeftESC [ DESC [ dESC O dESC O D
    KP_Enter^MESC O M
    KP_F1ESC O PESC O P
    KP_F2ESC O QESC O Q
    KP_F3ESC O RESC O R
    KP_F4ESC O SESC O S
    XK_KP_Multiply*ESC O j
    XK_KP_Add+ESC O k
    XK_KP_Separator,ESC O l
    XK_KP_Subtract-ESC O m
    XK_KP_Decimal.ESC O n
    XK_KP_Divide/ESC O o
    XK_KP_00ESC O p
    XK_KP_11ESC O q
    XK_KP_22ESC O r
    XK_KP_33ESC O s
    XK_KP_44ESC O t
    XK_KP_55ESC O u
    XK_KP_66ESC O v
    XK_KP_77ESC O w
    XK_KP_88ESC O x
    XK_KP_99ESC O y

     

    CONFIGURE OPTIONS

    General hint: if you get compile errors, then likely your configuration hasn't been tested well. Either try with --enable-everything or use the ./reconf script as a base for experiments. ./reconf is used by myself, so it should generally be a working config. Of course, you should always report when a combination doesn't work, so it can be fixed. Marc Lehmann <rxvt@schmorp.de>.
    --enable-everything
    Add support for all non-multichoice options listed in ``./configure --help''. Note that unlike other enable options this is order dependant. You can specify this and then disable options which this enables by following this with the appropriate commands.
    --enable-xft
    Add support for Xft (anti-aliases, among others) fonts. Xft fonts are slower and require lots of memory, but as long as you don't use them, you don't pay for them.
    --enable-font-styles
    Add support for bold, italic and bold italic font styles. The fonts can be set manually or automatically.
    --with-codesets=NAME,...
    Compile in support for additional codeset (encoding) groups (eu, vn are always compiled in, which includes most 8-bit character sets). These codeset tables are currently only used for driving X11 core fonts, they are not required for Xft fonts. Compiling them in will make your binary bigger (together about 700kB), but it doesn't increase memory usage unless you use an X11 font requiring one of these encodings.
    allall available codeset groups
    zhcommon chinese encodings
    zh_extrarely used but very big chinese encodigs
    jpcommon japanese encodings
    jp_extrarely used but big japanese encodings
    krkorean encodings

    --enable-xim
    Add support for XIM (X Input Method) protocol. This allows using alternative input methods (e.g. kinput2) and will also correctly set up the input for people using dead keys or compose keys.
    --enable-unicode3
    Enable direct support for displaying unicode codepoints above 65535 (the basic multilingual page). This increases storage requirements per character from 2 to 4 bytes. X11 fonts do not yet support these extra characters, but Xft does.

    Please note that rxvt-unicode can store unicode code points >65535 even without this flag, but the number of such characters is limited to a view thousand (shared with combining characters, see next switch), and right now rxvt-unicode cannot display them (input/output and cut&paste still work, though).

    --enable-combining
    Enable automatic composition of combining characters into composite characters. This is required for proper viewing of text where accents are encoded as seperate unicode characters. This is done by using precomposited characters when available or creating new pseudo-characters when no precomposed form exists.

    Without --enable-unicode3, the number of additional precomposed characters is rather limited (2048, if this is full, rxvt will use the private use area, extending the number of combinations to 8448). With --enable-unicode3, no practical limit exists. This will also enable storage of characters >65535.

    The combining table also contains entries for arabic presentation forms, but these are not currently used. Bug me if you want these to be used.

    --enable-fallback(=CLASS)
    When reading resource settings, also read settings for class CLASS (default: Rxvt). To disable resource fallback use --disable-fallback.
    --with-res-name=NAME
    Use the given name (default: urxvt) as default application name when reading resources. Specify --with-res-name=rxvt to replace rxvt.
    --with-res-class=CLASS
    Use the given class (default: URxvt) as default application class when reading resources. Specify --with-res-class=Rxvt to replace rxvt.
    --enable-utmp
    Write user and tty to utmp file (used by programs like w) at start of rxvt execution and delete information when rxvt exits.
    --enable-wtmp
    Write user and tty to wtmp file (used by programs like last) at start of rxvt execution and write logout when rxvt exits. This option requires --enable-utmp to also be specified.
    --enable-lastlog
    Write user and tty to lastlog file (used by programs like lastlogin) at start of rxvt execution. This option requires --enable-utmp to also be specified.
    --enable-xpm-background
    Add support for XPM background pixmaps.
    --enable-transparency
    Add support for inheriting parent backgrounds thus giving a fake transparency to the term.
    --enable-fading
    Add support for fading the text when focus is lost.
    --enable-tinting
    Add support for tinting of transparent backgrounds.
    --enable-menubar
    Add support for our menu bar system (this interacts badly with dynamic locale switching currently).
    --enable-rxvt-scroll
    Add support for the original rxvt scrollbar.
    --enable-next-scroll
    Add support for a NeXT-like scrollbar.
    --enable-xterm-scroll
    Add support for an Xterm-like scrollbar.
    --enable-plain-scroll
    Add support for a very unobtrusive, plain-looking scrollbar that is the favourite of the rxvt-unicode author, having used it for many years.
    --enable-half-shadow
    Make shadows on the scrollbar only half the normal width & height. only applicable to rxvt scrollbars.
    --enable-ttygid
    Change tty device setting to group ``tty'' - only use this if your system uses this type of security.
    --disable-backspace-key
    Disable any handling of the backspace key by us - let the X server do it.
    --disable-delete-key
    Disable any handling of the delete key by us - let the X server do it.
    --disable-resources
    Remove all resources checking.
    --enable-xgetdefault
    Make resources checking via XGetDefault() instead of our small version which only checks ~/.Xdefaults, or if that doesn't exist then ~/.Xresources.
    --enable-strings
    Add support for our possibly faster memset() function and other various routines, overriding your system's versions which may have been hand-crafted in assembly or may require extra libraries to link in. (this breaks ANSI-C rules and has problems on many GNU/Linux systems).
    --disable-swapscreen
    Remove support for swap screen.
    --enable-frills
    Add support for many small features that are not essential but nice to have. Normally you want this, but for very small binaries you may want to disable this.
    --enable-iso14755
    Enable extended ISO 14755 support (see urxvt(1), or doc/rxvt.1.txt). Basic support (section 5.1) is enabled by --enable-frills
    , while support for 5.2, 5.3 and 5.4 is enabled with this switch.
    --enable-linespace
    Add support to provide user specified line spacing between text rows.
    --enable-keepscrolling
    Add support for continual scrolling of the display when you hold the mouse button down on a scrollbar arrow.
    --enable-mousewheel
    Add support for scrolling via mouse wheel or buttons 4 & 5.
    --enable-slipwheeling
    Add support for continual scrolling (using the mouse wheel as an accelerator) while the control key is held down. This option requires --enable-mousewheel to also be specified.
    --disable-new-selection
    Remove support for mouse selection style like that of xterm.
    --enable-dmalloc
    Use Gray Watson's malloc - which is good for debugging See http://www.letters.com/dmalloc/ for details If you use either this or the next option, you may need to edit src/Makefile after compiling to point DINCLUDE and DLIB to the right places.

    You can only use either this option and the following (should you use either) .

    --enable-dlmalloc
    Use Doug Lea's malloc - which is good for a production version See <http://g.oswego.edu/dl/html/malloc.html> for details.
    --enable-smart-resize
    Add smart growth/shrink behaviour when changing font size via from hot keys. This should keep in a fixed position the rxvt corner which is closest to a corner of the screen.
    --enable-cursor-blink
    Add support for a blinking cursor.
    --enable-pointer-blank
    Add support to have the pointer disappear when typing or inactive.
    --with-name=NAME
    Set the basename for the installed binaries (default: urxvt, resulting in urxvt, urxvtd etc.). Specify --with-name=rxvt to replace rxvt.
    --with-term=NAME
    Change the environmental variable for the terminal to NAME (default ``rxvt'')
    --with-terminfo=PATH
    Change the environmental variable for the path to the terminfo tree to PATH.
    --with-x
    Use the X Window System (pretty much default, eh?).
    --with-xpm-includes=DIR
    Look for the XPM includes in DIR.
    --with-xpm-library=DIR
    Look for the XPM library in DIR.
    --with-xpm
    Not needed - define via --enable-xpm-background.
     

    AUTHORS

    Marc Lehmann <rxvt@schmorp.de> converted this document to pod and reworked it from the original Rxvt documentation, which was done by Geoff Wing <gcw@pobox.com>, who in turn used the XTerm documentation and other sources.


     

    Index

    NAME
    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RXVT TECHNICAL REFERENCE
    Definitions
    Values
    Escape Sequences
    CSI (Command Sequence Introducer) Sequences
    DEC Private Modes
    XTerm Operating System Commands
    menuBar
    Overview of menuBar operation
    Commands
    Adding and accessing menus
    Removing menus
    Quick Arrows
    Command Summary
    XPM
    Mouse Reporting
    Key Codes
    CONFIGURE OPTIONS
    AUTHORS


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