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useful information about the X Window System
Archive-name: x-faq/part3
Last-modified: 1996/09/26

Subject:  48)  How do I get a font name from the structure?

You can't, although you can build up the font properties to rebuild a
description of the font in XLFD format, which should be sufficient.

This routine is derived from source provided by John L. Cwikla 

#include <X11/Xlib.h>

#include <stdio.h>

/* Stolen from mit/fonts/lib/font/bitmap/bitscale.c */

enum scaleType
    atom, pixel_size, point_size,
    resolution, resolution_x, resolution_y, average_width,
    scaledX, scaledY, unscaled, scaledXoverY, uncomputed,

typedef struct _fontProp
    char       *name;
    Atom        atom;
    enum scaleType type;
    char found;
} fontProp;

static fontProp fontNamePropTable[] = 
	{ "FOUNDRY", 0, atom, 0},
	{ "FAMILY_NAME", 0, atom, 0},
	{ "WEIGHT_NAME", 0, atom, 0},
	{ "SLANT", 0, atom, 0},
	{ "SETWIDTH_NAME", 0, atom, 0},
	{ "ADD_STYLE_NAME", 0, atom, 0},
	{ "PIXEL_SIZE", 0, pixel_size, 0},
	{ "POINT_SIZE", 0, point_size, 0},
	{ "RESOLUTION_X", 0, resolution_x, 0},
	{ "RESOLUTION_Y", 0, resolution_y, 0},
	{ "SPACING", 0, atom, 0},
	{ "AVERAGE_WIDTH", 0, average_width, 0},
	{ "CHARSET_REGISTRY", 0, atom, 0},
	{ "CHARSET_ENCODING", 0, atom, 0},
#if 0
	{ "FONT", 0, atom, 0},
#endif /* 0 */

#define NUMITEMS(arr) ((int) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof(arr[0])))

void regenerateFontName(Display *display, XFontStruct *xfs)
	int i;
	unsigned long retValue;
	if (xfs)
	     for(i=0;i<NUMITEMS(fontNamePropTable); i++)
		        fontNamePropTable[i].atom = 
				XInternAtom(display, fontNamePropTable[i].name, 0);
			if (XGetFontProperty(xfs, fontNamePropTable[i].atom, &retValue))
					case atom:
						printf("%s", XGetAtomName(display, (Atom)retValue));

					case pixel_size:
					case point_size:
					case resolution:
					case resolution_x:
					case resolution_y:
					case average_width:
					case scaledX:
					case scaledY:
					case unscaled:
					case scaledXoverY:
					case uncomputed:
							printf("%d", retValue);

			if (i != (NUMITEMS(fontNamePropTable)-1))

Subject:  49)  How can I set backgroundPixmap in a defaults file? 
I want to be able to do something like this:
	xclock*backgroundPixmap:      /usr/include/X11/bitmaps/rootweave

You can't do this. The backgroundPixmap resource is a pixmap of the same
depth as the screen, not a bitmap (which is a pixmap of depth 1).  Because of
this, writing a generic String to Pixmap converter is impossible, since there
is no accepted convention for a file format for pixmaps.  Therefore, neither
the X Toolkit or the Athena widget set define a String to Pixmap converter;
because there is no converter you cannot specify this value as a resource.
The Athena widget set does define a String to Bitmap converter for use in
many of its widgets, however. 4/90]

However, note that a specific converter which encapsulates much of the
functionality of the xloadimage package by Jim Frost was posted 12/90 by
Sebastian Wangnick (; it permits
loading of a number of image formats as a pixmap.

Subject:  50)  How can I make small multi-color pixmap images? (What is XPM?)

The leading general-purpose format for small multi-color pixmaps is the XPM
format used by Groupe Bull in several of its programs, including the GWM
window manager, by AT&T in its olpixmap editor, and by ICS in its interface
builder. The XPM distribution includes read/write routines for the simple XPM
text format.  See information on the xpm-talk mailing list above.

XPM 3.4h became available in 2/96 and is available from or .  Older versions are on the X
contrib tapes.

A set of XPM icons collected by Anthony Thyssen
( is on in R5contrib/AIcons; the
hobbes-icon-xpm3 collection of XPM icons is on .

Subject:  51)  Why can't I override translations? Only the first item works. (sic)

	You probably have an extra space after the specification of the first 
item, like this:
	basic*text.translations:  #override \
	Ctrl<Key>a:    beginning-of-line() \n\ 	
	Ctrl<Key>e:    end-of-line()
					      ^ extra space
The newline after that space is ending the translation definition.
[Thanks to Timothy J. Horton, 5/91]

Subject:  52)  How can I have a clock show different timezones?

One solution is xchron, in Volume 6 of comp.sources.x, which can show the
time for timezones other than the local one.

sunclock on displays a world map with sun/dark areas and local and
UTC time.

The OpenWindows clock has a TimeZone property.  Modifications to the

Xaw clock widget to support hour and minute offsets were posted by David
Herron (

A patch for the clock coming with the Xaw3D widgets introduces resources
hourOffset, minuteOffset, gmt; it can be found at

Alternatively, you can probably set the timezone in the shell from which you
invoke the xclock or oclock, or use a script similar to this:

	TZ=PST8PDT xclock -name "La-La" 2> /dev/null &
	TZ=EST5EDT xclock -name "Nyah-Nyah" 2> /dev/null &

Subject:  53)  I have xmh, but it doesn't work. Where can I get MH?

The xmh mail-reader requires the Rand MH mail/message handling system, which
is not part of the UNIX software distribution for many machines.  A list of
various ftp, uucp, e-mail and US-mail sites for both xmh and MH is given in
the monthly MH FAQ posted to; one source is

Subject:  54)  Why am I suddenly unable to connect to my Sun X server?  
After a seemingly random amount of time after the X server has been started,
no other clients are able to connect to it.

	The default cron cleanup jobs supplied by Sun (for 4.0.3, at least)
delete "old" (unreferenced) files from /tmp -- including /tmp/.X11-unix, which
contains the socket descriptor used by X. The solution is to add "!  -type s"
to the find exclusion in the cron job.  [10/90]

Subject:  55)  Why don't the R5 PEX demos work on my mono screen?

The R5 sample server implementation works only on color screens, sorry.

Subject:  56)  How do I get my Sun Type-[45] keyboard fully supported by Xsun?

The R6 Xsun supports Sun Type-[45] keyboards; see the KEYBOARDS section of
the Xsun man page.

Many users wants the Num Lock key to light the Num Lock LED and have the
appropriate effect on the numeric keypad.  The R5 Xsun server as distributed
by the Consortium doesn't do this but there are two different patches

The first patch is written by Jonathan Lemon and fixes the Num Lock related
problems. It is available from in the file
R5contrib/Xsun-R5.numlock_patch.Z .

The second is written by Martin Forssen and fixes the Num Lock and Compose
keys and adds support for the different national keyboard layouts for Type-4
and Type-5 keyboards. This patch is available from in
R5contrib/sunkbd.930314.tar.Z or via email from

[thanks to Martin Forssen ( or,

(Note that use of xmodmap to map function and arrow keys can make the Type 5
keyboard more useful without needing these patches.)

Subject:  57)  How do I report bugs in X?

Generally, report bugs you find to the organization that supplied you with
the X Window System.  If you received the R6 source distribution directly
from the Consortium, please read the file xc/bug-report for instructions.
[Look in mit/bug-report for R5, mit/doc/bugs/bug-report in R4.]

[Thanks to Stephen Gildea <>, 5/91; 12/91]

Subject:  58)  Why do I get "Warning: Widget class version mismatch"?

	This error, which typically goes on to say, "widget 11004 vs.
intrinsics 11003" indicates that the header files you included when building
your program didn't match the header files that the Xt library you're linking
against was built with; check your -I include path and -L link-path to be
	However, the problem also occurs when linking against a version of the
X11R4 Xt library before patch 10; the version number was wrong.  Some Sun OW
systems, in particular, were shipped with the flawed version of the library,
and applications which link against the library typically give the warnings
you have seen.

Subject:  59)! Why does my SPARC 4 with the TCX fail? 

It apparently needs SunOS 4.1.4 (Solaris 1.1.2) to operate correctly.  Under
Solaris 2 in versions before 2.5, the TCX doesn't pretend to be a CG3, and so
it's not supported by the X Consortium (under 2.5, the emulation of a CG3 is
not quite correct) in X11R6 or X11R6.1.

Subject:  60)  Why does my SPARC say "Mapping cg3c: No such device or address"?

       The R6 sun ddx uses information returned by the device driver to do
the right thing, so this problem should go away with R6, but the X Consortium
does not have this configuration available to test it.

	This problem comes up on Sun SPARC Classic machines.  There is no X
Consortium fix for this problem, but the correction can be made to X11R5
sources by editing the file "src/mit/server/ddx/sun/sunCG3C.c". Find the
second buffer definition that looks like this:

   typedef struct cg3bc {
   #ifdef sparc
           u_char mpixel[128*1024];         /* bit-per-pixel memory */
           u_char epixel[128*1024];         /* enable plane */
           u_char cpixel[CG3B_HEIGHT][CG3B_WIDTH];   /* byte-per-pixel memory */
   } CG3BC, CG3BCRec, *CG3BCPtr;

and change the instances of "128*1024" to "96*1024". Then recompile the
X server.

[thanks to Russ Poffenberger (]

Subject:  61)  Where can I find a dictionary server for xwebster?

Webster's still owns the copyright to the on-line copies of Webster's
Dictionary which are found at various (university) sites. After it became
aware that these sites were then acting as servers for other sites running
xwebster and gnuemacs-webster, it asked that server sites close off external

[The NeXT machine apparently is also licensed to have the dictionary.  A
Webster daemon for NeXT machines is available from
( in "pub/webster/NeXT-2.0".]

Unless you want to get a legal on-line copy yourself or can find a site which
can grant you access, you are probably out of luck.

However, if you are a legitimate site, you'll want to pick up the latest
xwebster, as-is on [10/91]; the file
xwebster.README includes discussions of the availability, illegality, and
non-availability of dictionary servers.

[courtesy steve@UMIACS.UMD.EDU (Steve Miller) and (Niels
Mayer) 11/90]

Subject:  62)! What desktop managers are available?

xfm, the X file and appilcation manager, is available from and from; version 1.3.2 was released

Moxfm is a free OSF/Motif based file and application manager for generic Unix
systems running X11. Moxfm allows you to browse your directory tree and to
copy, move, link and delete files in an intuitive way by simple drag-and-drop
actions.  (It is based on xfm.) Sources are on ; some Linux, HPUX and IRIX
binaries are available from .
See also .

xdtm, the X Desktop Manager, is available from and;
version 2.5.7 was released 12/95.

FileRunner is a tcl/Tk based file manager which is configurable. Sources are
available at .
Version 2.0 was released 9/96.

Several other packages which are not file managers but which make easy the
invocation of applications from configurable button bars are 

	"rtc" (in as rtc-2.0.tar.gz) 

	"bricons" (in as bricons-athena-3.0.tar.Z or

	"tkgoodstuff" is available from ; information is on (version
	4.1 was released 9/96).

	"xtpanel" lets the user build a panel containing interactive objects
	such as buttons, sliders, text fields, etc., either from the command
	line or using a simple scripting language. It is available for
	anonymous ftp from hanauma.Stanford.EDU ( as
	pub/X/xtpanel-3.01.tar.Z and may also be found in the alt.sources

	"xmgoodstuff" is a simple Motif toolbar along the lines of tkgoodstuff;
	see for details.


IXI sells X.desktop.

Freedom software sells a desktop product.

Visix offers a desktop product called Looking Glass.

A product called G.R.E.A.T. may qualify.

The CDE environment offered by several vendors (or in earlier versions from
HP and SAIC) offers a desktop environment. According to the
FAQ, it will probably replace Looking Glass and X.desktop. See information
from the vendors, including .

Subject:  63)  How can I use a Web browser as a help system?

Keith Gemeinhart ( has developed a simple toolkit that allows
you to use either a Netscape or Mosaic WWW browser as an online help system.
For more information see [3/96].

Subject:  64)+ How can I retrieve resource values from an application?

The editres program has long allowed you to set resources on widgets in an
application which is "editres-aware" -- one that pays attention to requests
from the editres application.  Newer versions of editres allow you to view as
well as set values; you may need some additional support in libXmu. The
sources are on [8/96]

Subject:  66)  Is X public-domain software?

	No. The X software is copyrighted by various institutions and is not
"public domain", which has a specific legal meaning. However, the X
distribution is available for free and can be redistributed without fee.
	Contributed software, though, may be placed in the public domain by
individual authors.

Subject:  67)  How compatible are X11R3, R4, R5, R6? What changes are there?

The Release Notes for each release of X11 specify the changes from the
previous release.  The X Consortium tries very hard to maintain compatibility
across releases.  In the few places where incompatible changes were necessary,
details are given in the Release Notes.  Each X11 distribution site on the
network also offers the Release Notes that go with the release they offer; the
file typically can be found at the top of the distribution tree.

[Stephen Gildea, 1/92]

Things that are incompatible in R6:
	- R6 Xt requires R6 Xlib.
	- R6 Xaw no longer has Clock, Logo, and Mailbox widgets.
	- R6 Xt retains binary compatibility with R5 for all data
	 structures except WMShellPart.  See section 13.4 of the Xt
	 specification for more details.
[Dave Wiggins (]

The FAQ-Xt lists Xt differences among these

Subject:  68)! What is Fresco? When is Fresco rumored to be available?

Fresco is a user-interface system specified in CORBA IDL.  The sample
implementation from the X Consortium is implemented in C++.  Fresco is
available with X11R6 (Fresco doesn't require R6, but it does need the R6
imake to build), but as a work-in-progress. Work is progressing, but there is
no schedule for a full release version (and the standardization process has
been deferred); the Consortium is still charting future directions.

	Fresco is a fairly long-term effort in our [that is, of the X
	Consortium] minds, in part due to the amount of work needed to
	produce a complete next generation user interface system, and in part
	due to the limited number of people working on it.  We expect that
	each subsequent release of Fresco will both deepen coverage in
	previously existing areas like graphics, and broaden coverage to new
	areas like GUI control objects, embedding, and transcription.  What
	order these things appear in, and the schedule for future releases,
	is still somewhat up in the air.
		- Matt Landau (X Consortium), 10/19/94

Fresco draws several design ideas from InterViews and will ultimately
incorporate much of the functionality of Xt and Xlib, and add some
significant new capabilities in the areas of structured graphics, device and
resolution independent drawing models, a standard object model (OMG CORBA)
and interface definition language (CORBA IDL), and application linking and

There is a writeup on Fresco in the Proceedings of the 7th Annual X Technical
Conference, published in Issue 5 of the X Resource, O'Reilly and Associates
(ISBN 1-56592-020-1).

PostScript for Mark Linton's Xhibition94 tutorial notes is in
graphics/fresco/ on

[Information from Kaleb Keithley ( and Matt Landau (; 
1/94; 4/94.]

There is a Fresco home page at .

Sources and binaries are available at .

VFX (Visual Fresco eXplorer) is a highly customizable, extensible, and
integrated environment for the authoring and visualization of Fresco
objects.  FrescoVFX is available from or{,FrescoVFX-solaris25.tar.gz} for
Windows 95 or NT 3.51 and for Solaris 2.4 or later. [8/96]

Subject:  69)  Does Fresco work with g++ 2.5.8?

No; g++ does not cope with the use of explicitly-scoped nested type names as
formal parameter types of return types for member functions.  For example,
the following class definition will not compile with g++:

        class Event {
            typedef void *Data;

            Event::Data get_data(void);
            int set_data(Event::Data new_data);

Cygnus is aware of this problem and claims it's fixed in the next release of

[from (Matt Landau)]

Subject:  70)  What is Broadway? 

Broadway, under development at the X Consortium in 1996, is a package of
technologies designed to provide what is termed "universal access to
interactive applications on the Web" -- the ability to locate and invoke
remote applications via the Web and have their displays, including both
graphics and audio, appear wherever you are (on your local desktop), either
as new top-level windows or embedded within your Web browser.

Building Broadway will involve creating a least three new extensions to 
X11 (one for embedding, one for fast performance over low-speed lines, 
and one for security enhancements), but will also involve developing new
standards for remote activation, and will involve modifying Web browsers
to support the Broadway activation and embedding protocols.

The Broadway embedding protocols are designed to allow a Broadway-capable
window manager and X server to cooperate and provide embedded display of
unmodified X11 applications; Broadway does not imply an incompatible

See for more information.

[3/96; thanks to (Matt Landau)]

Note that "Broadway" is an internal name, only. It will be released as
X11R7 or X11R6.2.

Subject:  71)  Where can I get X11R6.1 (source and/or binaries)?

Release 6.1 was made available to the public on March 14, 1996.

X11 Release 6.1 is an update to X11 Release 6.  It is compatible with R6 at
the source and protocol levels in all respects, and binaries are

Here are some highlights of what's new in Release 6.1; this list is by no
means exhaustive.  For complete details, refer to the R6.1 Release Notes.

* Support for newer operating system versions on a number of platforms.

* Support for threads on more platforms.

* New X Consortium standards:

   ICE X Rendezvous

* Configuration and build improvements:

   BOOTSTRAPCFLAGS required on fewer platforms
   Imake support for Atria clearmake
   Better imake documentation and hints on writing Imakefiles
* Bug fixes and enhancements to many programs and libraries


North America anonymous FTP:

Location		Address			Directory
--------		-------			---------
Cambridge, MA	/pub/X11/R6.1
Eastern USA		[]

Cambridge, MA		/pub/R6.1
Eastern USA		[]

New York City	/archives/X11R6.1
Eastern USA		[multi-homed]

North Carolina		/pub/X11/R6.1
Eastern USA		[]

Washington, DC		/pub/X
Eastern USA		[]

Minneapolis, MN		/packages/X11/R6.1
Central USA		[]

West Lafayette, IN	/pub/X11/R6.1
Central USA		[]

Palo Alto, California		/pub/X11/R6.1
Western USA		[]

Albuquerque, NM	/pub/dist/X/X11R6.1
Southwest USA		[]

British Columbia		/mirror1/R6.1
Canada			[]

Europe anonymous FTP:

Location		Address			Directory
--------		-------			---------
Czech Republic		/pub/X11/R6.1

England	/packages/X11R6.1

Europe		/X11/R6.1

Finland		/pub/X11/R6.1

Finland		/pub/X11/R6.1

France	/pub/X/R6.1

Germany		/pub/x11/

Germany	/pub/X11/R6.1

Germany	/pub/X11/R6.1
			[] and []

Iceland		/pub/X11/R6.1

Ireland		/pub/X11R6.1

Norway		/pub/X11/R6.1

Norway		/pub/X11/R6.1

Poland	/pub/X11/R6.1

Portugal		/pub/X11/R6.1

Spain	/pub/X11/R6.1

Sweden		/pub/X11/R6.1

Switzerland *		/mirror/X11/R6.1
			*only available for Swiss organizations with a SWITCH
			service contract and foreign education & research

United Kingdom		/pub/misc-unix/X11R6.1

East Asia anonymous FTP:

Location		Address			Directory
--------		-------			---------
Hong Kong	/pub/X11R6.1

Japan	/pub/archives/X11/R6.1

Africa anonymous FTP:

Location		Address			Directory
--------		-------			---------
South Africa		/x/pub/R6.1

Middle East anonymous FTP:

Location		Address			Directory
--------		-------			---------
Israel		/mirror/X11/R6.1

Binaries of X11R6.1 for SPARC SunOS 4.1.3 are available from [4/96]. 

Sources of X11R6.1 are available on CD-ROM from Yggdrasil Computing. It also
includes GNU and Linux tools. To order, call 1-800-261-6630 or email

Subject:  72)  Where can I get X11R6 (source and/or binaries)?

Release 6 was made available to the public on May 2, 1994.
The X Consortium is making R6 available simultaneously on multiple ftp sites
around the world; the Consortium is also offering R6 on CD-ROM, QIC-150 tape,
and 8mm tape (tar format) and is distributing hardcopy documentation.
Information: X Consortium, R6 Sales Center, 1 Memorial Drive, Cambridge, MA
02142-1301, USA.

You will need about 140Mb of disk space to hold all of the Core distribution.

PLEASE use a site that is close to you in the network.

Note: this list is better available through:
	(or via ftp from as GettingR6, or via "send R6 sales" to

                 North America anonymous FTP:

Location		    Address		  Directory
--------		    -------		  ---------

Cambridge, MA      
Digital Equipment Corp.     []        /pub/X11/R6 
Cambridge Research Laboratory                     /pub/X11/contrib

Cambridge, MA                  /pub/R6
X Consortium                []      /contrib
( is a faster site for FTP)

Newton, MA                 /R6
MARCAM Corporation          []       /R6/contrib

New York City, NY    /archives/X11R6/R6
Columbia University         []         /archives/X11R6/contrib
Computer Science Dept

Buffalo New York    /pub/R6
University at Buffalo       []         /pub/R6

Washington DC              /pub/X11/R6
Digital Express Group, Inc. []     /pub/X11/contrib

Aberdeen Maryland            /pub/X11/R6
Army Research Laboratory    []        /pub/X11/contrib

Falls Church, VA              /systems/window-sys/X/R6
UUNET Technologies, Inc     []         /systems/window-sys/X/contrib

Durham, NC                  /pub/X11R6
Duke University             []

Oak Ridge, Tenn        /unix/X11R6
Oak Ridge National Lab      []     /unix/X11R6/contrib 
(Limited access host)

Ann Arbor, MI              /pub/dist/X/X11R6
Merit Network, Inc.         []

West Lafayette, Indiana     /pub/X11/R6
Purdue University           []          /pub/X11/R6
Dept of Computer Sciences

Columbus, Ohio     /pub/X.V11R6/R6
The Ohio State University   []        /pub/X.V11R6/R6-contrib
Dept of Computer and Information Science

Albuquerque New Mexico    /pub/dist/X/X11R6
Khoros Group UNM            []       /pub/dist/X/X11R6.contrib

Palo Alto, California    /pub/X11/R6
Digital Equipment Corp      []            /pub/X11/contrib

                    Europe anonymous FTP:

Location                    Address               Directory
--------                    -------               ---------

Vienna, Austria       /pub/x11/x11r6
EUnet Austria               []       /pub/x11/x11r6/contrib

Zagreb, Croatia           /pub/X11/R6
Faculty of Electrical       []        /pub/X11/contrib
Engineering, Dept of Electronics

Prague, Czech Republic          /pub/x11/R6
EUnet Czechia               []         /pub/x11/R6/contrib

Copenhagen, Denmark          /pub/X11/X11R6
DENet                       []        /pub/X11/contrib

Copenhagen, Denmark       /pub/X11/R6
DKnet / EUnet Denmark       []        /pub/X11/contrib

Helsinki, Finland           /X11R6/release
EUnet Finland               []        /X11R6/contrib

Espoo, Finland              /pub/X11/X11R6
                            []        /pub/X11/contrib

France (near Paris)          /X/X11R6
INRIA Rocquencourt          []         /X/contrib-R6

Paris, France                 /pub/X11/R6
Institut Blaise Pascal      []        /pub/X11/contrib

Dortmund, Germany     /pub/X11/XConsortium/pub/R6
EUnet Deutschland GmbH      []       /pub/X11/XConsortium/contrib

Paderborn, Germany  /pub/X11/R6
University of Paderborn     []        /pub/X11/contrib

Budapest, Hungary      /pub/X11R6
SZTAKI / EUnet Hungary      []        /pub/R6-contrib

Dublin, Ireland            /pub/R6
IEunet                      []        /pub/R6/contrib

Milano, Italy           /pub/R6
DSI, U of Milan             []        /export

Milano, Italy               /X11/X11R6
IUnet NOC                   []         /X11/contrib

Oslo, Norway                /pub/X11/R6
EUnet Norway                []          /pub/X11/contrib

Norway                       /pub/X11/R6
U. of Trondheim/SINTEF      []        /pub/X11/contrib

Warsaw, Poland            /pub/X11/R6
ICM, Warsaw University      [XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX]     /pub/X11/contrib

Lisbon, Portugal           /pub/X11R6
PUUG                        []        /pub/X11R6/contrib
Portuguese UNIX Users Group

Moscow, Russia               /x11/X11R6
RELCOM/EUnet, KIAE          []      /x11/X11R6/contrib

Lulea, Sweden                /pub/X11/R6
Lulea University            []        /pub/X11/contrib
of Technology

Sweden                       /pub/X11/R6
Swedish University          []        /pub/X11/contrib
Computer Network

Zurich, Switzerland          /archive/software/X11R6
EUnet Switzerland           []       /archive/software/X

Zurich, Switzerland         /mirror/X11/R6
SWITCH - Swiss Academic &   []         /mirror/X11/contrib
Research Network

Amsterdam, The Netherlands            /X11/R6
EUnet Europe                []        /X11/contrib

Amsterdam, The Netherlands            /pub/windows/X/R6
NLnet                       []       /pub/windows/X/contrib

Canterbury, Kent, UK    /pub/X11R6
EUnet GB                    []        /pub/X11R6-contrib

London, UK              /packages/X11R6
SUNsite, Dept of Computing, []        /packages/X11-contrib

                  East Asia anonymous FTP:

Location                    Address               Directory
--------                    -------               ---------

Hong Kong                 /pub/X11R6
Computer Science Dept       []        /pub/Xcontrib
The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Taejon, Republic of Korea      /pub/X11/R6
Center for Artificial       []      /pub/X11/contrib (not yet operational)
Inteligence Research, KAIST

Tokyo, Japan               /pub/X/X11R6
Internet Initiative Japan   []      /pub/X/contrib

Fukuoka, Japan     /pub/X11R6
Kyushu University           []         /pub/contrib

Tokyo, Japan           /pub/archives/X11/R6
Science University of Tokyo []         /pub/archives/X11/R6contrib

Tokyo, Japan           /pub/X11R6
The University of Tokyo     []      /pub/X11R6-contrib

Fujisawa, Japan            /X11R6
WIDE Project (Fujisawa)     []         /X11R6-contrib

Nara, Japan        /pub/X11R6
WIDE Project (Nara)         []          /pub/X11R6-contrib

Tokyo, Japan        /pub/unix/R6
Roppongi, Minato-ku         []          /pub/unix/R6/contrib
Spin project

Taiwan                   /X/X11R6
Campus Computer             []        /X/contrib
Communication Assoc.

                 Australia anonymous FTP:

Location		    Address		  Directory
--------		    -------		  ---------

Melbourne, Australia        archie.AU             X11/R6
AARNet archive server       []        X11/contrib

Melbourne, Australia        munnari.OZ.AU         X.V11/R6
University of Melbourne     []        X.V11/contrib

The Free Software Foundation's "X11 Tapes" and "May 1994 Source Code CD-ROM"
contain X11R6. Email:; Voice: +1-617-542-5942;
Fax: +1-617-542-2652.

Anyone in Europe can get a copy of the X.V11R6 distribution, including the
core and contributed software and all official patches, free of charge.  The
only requirement is to agree to return the tapes, or equivalent new tapes.
Available tape formats are QIC, TK, DAT and Exabyte cartridges.  Contact:
Jamie Watson, Adasoft AG, Nesslerenweg 104, 3084 Wabern, Switzerland.  Tel:
+41 31 961.35.70 or +41 62 61.41.21; Fax: +41 62 61.41.30;

Binary distributions include:

X11R6pl2 binaries for Sun3 are on in pub/X11R6. 

X11R6pl12 binaries for SPARC SunOS 4.1.3 are accessible through (/pub/unix/X11/X11R6 on

Walnut Creek is producing a CD-ROM which should contain the new (2/95)
patches to X11R6 and a new release of XFree86.

Additional sites that mirror include:

Subject:  73)  Where can I get X11R5 (source and/or binaries)?

Information about the Consortium's distribution of the sources on 6250bpi and
QIC-24 tape and its distribution of hardcopy of the documents is available
from Software Center, Technology Licensing Office, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, 28 Carleton Street, Room E32-300, Cambridge MA 02142-1324,
phone:  617-258-8330.

You will need about 100Mb of disk space to hold all of Core and 140MB to hold
the Contrib software donated by individuals and companies.

PLEASE use a site that is close to you in the network.

Note that the RELEASE notes are generally available separately in the same
directory; the notes list changes from previous versions of X and offer a
guide to the distribution.

The following list was originally obtained from the X Consortium. As sites
have been found to have dropped their distributions, they have been removed.

			  North America anonymous FTP:

Maryland                     pub/X11R5 (good for MILNET sites)
Massachusetts                       pub/R5 ( is better)
Michigan                       pub/X11R5
Missouri             packages/X11R5
Montana              pub/X.V11R5
New York          pub/X11R5
Ohio            pub/X.V11R5
Ontario              pub/X11R5
Washington DC                  X/R5
Washington DC                  X/R5

		   Europe/Middle East/Australia anonymous FTP:

Australia                   X.V11/R5
Denmark                   pub/X11R5
United Kingdom                graphics/X.V11R5                   pub/X11r5
Finland                    pub/X11/R5
France                   X/X11R5
Germany              pub/X11/X11R5
Israel                   pub/X11R5
Italy            pub/X11R5
Netherlands                  windows/X/R5
Norway                    pub/X11R5
Norway                          pub/X11R5
Switzerland                   software/X11R5

			 Japan anonymous FTP:

Kanagawa                   X11R5
Kwansai           X11R5
Kyushu             X11R5
TISN             X11R5
Tokyo               X11R5
Tokyo              pub/X11R5


uunet           for UUNET customers             ~/X/R5 decwrl existing
neighbors only         ~/pub/X11/R5
osu-cis                                         ~/X.V11R5
		(not online until ~ 9 Sept)
utai            existing neighbors only         ~/ftp/pub/X11R5
hp4nl           Netherlands only                ~uucp/pub/windows/X/R5

Missouri             /archive/packages/X11R5                   mount point: /archive

Pennsylvania    /afs/

		     NIFTP (hhcp, cpf, fcp, ...):
United Kingdom                <X.V11R5>
		00000510200001 user "guest"

			      anon FTAM:
United Kingdom  000005102000 (Janet)            X.V11R5 (Internet) 204334504108 (IXI)

Australia       munnari.oz (fetchfile)          X.V11/R5
		Please fetch only one file at a time, after checking that a
		copy is not available at a closer site.

[9/2/91; updated for contrib 10/91]

Anyone in Europe can get a copy of the X.V11R5 distribution, including the
core and contributed software and all official patches, free of charge.  The
only requirement is to agree to return the tapes, or equivalent new tapes.
Only QIC and TK format cartridges can be provided.  Contact: Jamie Watson,
Adasoft AG, Nesslerenweg 104, 3084 Wabern, Switzerland.  Tel: +41 31 961.35.70
or +41 62 61.41.21; Fax: +41 62 61.41.30;

UK sites can obtain X11 through the UKUUG Software Distribution Service, from
the Department of Computing, Imperial College, London, in several tape
formats.  You may also obtain the source via Janet (and therefore PSS) using
Niftp (Host: Name: guest Password: your_email_address).
Queries should be directed to Lee McLoughlin, 071-589-5111#5037, or to or (send a Subject line of
"wanted"). Also offered are copies of comp.sources.x, the contrib
and doc areas and most other announced freely distributable packages.

X11R5 and X11R4 source along with X11R5 contrib code, prebuilt X binaries for
major platforms (R5.21), and source code examples from O'Reilly's books is
available on an ISO-9660-format CD-ROM (with Rock Ridge extensions) from
O'Reilly & Associates. [6/92].

X11R5 source is available on ISO-9660-format CD-ROM for members of the Japan
Unix Society from Hiroaki Obata,

X11R5 source along with GNU source, the comp.sources.x archives, and SPARC
binaries is available on an ISO-9660-format CD-ROM from PDQ Software,
510-947-5996 (or Robert A. Bruce, rab@sprite.Berkeley.EDU).

X11R5 source is available from Automata Design Associates, +1 215-646-4894.

X11R5 source is part of the Free Software Foundation GNU CD-ROM (2nd Edition).

Various users' groups (e.g. SUG) offer X sources cheaply, typically on

Source for the Andrew User Interface System 6.3.1 (9/94) are available on in pub/AUIS and via tape from the Andrew Consortium,
School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Ave.,
Pittsburgh PA 15217.  Information:,
412-268-6710, fax 412-621-8081, .

Binaries for X11R5, with shared libX11 and libXmu, for A/UX 2.0.1 are now
available from  Patches for
X11R5 compiled with gcc (but not shared libraries) are also available.  [John
L. Coolidge (, 10/91)]

A binary tree for the Next by Douglas Scott ( is
on; it is missing the server, though.

Binaries for the Sun386i are in

Binaries for the HP-PA are on (

Binaries for the HP-PA are on

Binaries of X11R5.26 for Sun3/SunOS4.1.1 systems are on as
X11R5.pl26.slim.sun3.gcc258.tar.gz; the distribution includes also binaries of
common X tools.

Binaries of X11R5 for Solaris 2, packaged for installation with pkgadd, are in

Source and binaries for HP-UX 8.*/9.0(S300/400/700/800) and Domain 10.4 (68K,
DN 10K) are available through the Interworks Users Group; contact Carol Relph
at 508-436-5046, fax 508-256-7169, or

Patches to X11R5 for Solaris 2.1 by Casper H.S. Dik ( et al
are on in R5contrib/{R5.SunOS5.patch.tar.Z,R5.SunOS5.patch.README}.

X servers for color and monochrome NeXT machines is on
in /pub/X11R5-MouseX.tar.Z. Source patches are expected to be on orst and
sonata as X11R5-source.patch.tar.Z.

An X11R5 package for multi-lingual users is available (for SunOS 4.1.3 and 
Solaris 2.1 and later) on ( in

A full port of X11R5 is now available on the Atari platform (all machines
68000, 68030 & 68040) and is available at


Binaries are available from Unipalm (+44 954 211797,,
probably for the Sun platforms.


David B. Lewis

		"Just the FAQs, ma'am." -- Joe Friday 

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