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Who We Are
The Meritocracy

All work on Struts is contributed by volunteers whose only motivation is to help make Struts work even better, both for themselves and for rest of the community.

All contributions are welcome, and may be discussed and posted on the mailing lists. The final decision of what becomes part of the official distribution is made by a group of Committers. For more about Meritocracy, see the Management page on the Apache Jarakta Website.

Source Code Contributors
  • Arun M. Thomas
  • Chris Audley
  • Craig R. McClanahan
  • David Geary
  • Don Clasen
  • Florent Carpentier
  • Jeff Hutchison
  • Jimmy Larsson
  • Luis Arias
  • Marius Barduta
  • Martin Cooper
  • Mike Schachter
  • Niall Pemberton
  • Oleg V Alexeev
  • Ralph Schaer
  • Rob Leland
  • Sean Kelly
  • Ted Husted
User Guide Contributors
  • Chris Assenza
  • Craig R. McClanahan
  • David Geary
  • dIon Gillard
  • Ed Burns
  • Eric Wu
  • John Rousseau
  • John Ueltzhoeffer
  • Larry McCay
  • Martin Cooper
  • Matthias Kerkhoff
  • Mike Schachter
  • Paul Runyan
  • Robert Hayden
  • Stanley Santiago
  • Ted Husted
  • Wong Kok Kai
Active Committers
  • Craig R. McClanahan
  • (craigmcc at
  • Michael Schachter
  • (mschachter at
  • Ted Husted
  • (husted at
  • Rob Leland
  • (rleland at
  • Vincent Massol
  • (vmassol at
  • Cedric Dumoulin
  • (cedric.dumoulin at
  • Martin Cooper
  • (martinc at
  • David Winterfeldt
  • (dwinterfeldt at
  • Oleg Alexeev
  • (oalexeev at
Emeritus Committers
  • David Geary
  • Luis Arias
  • Pierre Delilse
More About Us

Craig R. McClanahan -- Committer

I've been involved with servlet and JSP technology since around 1998. It started out that I needed a way to build some web applications for several projects, and liked Java a lot better than the alternatives. I also liked the price tag of open source software, and started using Apache JServ -- later on, getting involved in the project (like many people, I was whining about the twelve months it took to get from version 0.9 to version 1.0, and my son said "Dad, you know Java -- go help them finish it!" -- so I did :-).

For quite a while, I was participating a lot on the JSP-INTEREST and SERVLET-INTEREST mailing lists, especially on the topic of good architectures for web applications. I was disgusted with the hash that many beginners created when they used (or abused) scriptlets in JSP pages, and built (for my former employer) a pretty comprehensive framework that could be considered ("Struts 0.01 without the custom tags"). It was proprietary code, but I was able to describe the concepts, and there started to be a feeling on the lists that this "Model 2" thing was pretty cool -- but there were no good examples to look at, so it was mostly hand waving types of discussions.

Over the same time period, I got involved as an individual contributor in the Java Community Process, and joined the expert group that defined the servlet 2.2 and JSP 1.1 specs. Sun was impressed enough to offer me a job as the technical lead on the team within Sun (currently five other individuals) that works on Tomcat -- the architecture for Catalina, which is the servlet container part of Tomcat 4.0, is also mine -- so I am in the really nice position of getting paid to work on open source software :-). And, participate on the expert groups for Servlet 2.3 and JSP 1.2. And, speak at various conferences, including ApacheCon and JavaOne. And, talk to groups within Sun about using Struts and JSP/servlet technology. And ... (there's some really interesting things being considered for the future).

The original design of what came to be Struts has been in my head for a long time, since those interesting mailing list discussions, but the first version of the actual code was written on my laptop on a Memorial Day weekend vacation trip (end of May, 2000) to the Oregon coast -- in between watching the surf and having the house shaken by a windstorm at night. Since then, it has gathered attention and popularity as we approach our first official release, and it delights me to see my "baby" grow up so well :-). Of course, it is no longer just me -- there have been incredible numbers of good ideas from all over, and a peek at the TODO list for 1.1 says that even more good stuff is coming in the future.

One motivation factor was Jason Hunter's article about the Problems with JSP. Jason and I get along fine, even though we have different preferences about presentation technologies. Besides being the author of a very popular book about servlets, with a second edition coming soon, Jason is also the representative for the Apache Software Foundation on the Executive Committe of the Java Community Process.

Personally, I live in Portland, Oregon (even though my team at Sun is mostly in Cupertino, CA -- staying here was part of the job deal :-). I like to support Oregon sports teams (Oregon State Beavers, Oregon Ducks, Portland Trailblazers) and work on cool software.

I figured out I was getting pretty old when I realized that 2000 was the 25th year I had been paid to work in some aspect of software development :-). I've got a son who is a full-time software developer (primarily in PHP so far, but I'm going to corrupt him with Java eventually :-), and a daughter in college. I'll happily let the other committers speak for themselves.

Mike Schachter -- Committer

I'm currently a student of computer science at Drexel University in Philadelphia, PA. I've been working at HP Middleware, formerly Bluestone Software for 3 years programming in Java and recently J2EE technologies. I'm a full time worker from September until April and a student and part time worker from April until August. In my spare time I've been known to run monkey-knife fights in a shady south philly warehouse. Err... I mean... nothing.

Ted Husted -- Committer

My primary interest in Struts is to put it to work writing lots of real-life Web applications:-) To do that effectively means having good documentation and code samples at my fingertips, so that's been my focus with the Struts product so far.

I've been writing software for hire since 1984, but only recently jumped on the Java bandwagon. My initial interest was with electronic publishing, and started by converting my various print projects to electronic media. The "Information Superhighway" was still the private stomping ground of Universities and government agencies then. The rest of us had to make do with diskettes and bulletin boards.

Between 1985 and 1994, I created and marketed several software products for publishing on disk, the most popular being "Dart" and "Iris". In 1992, Dart was awarded the Digital Quill for software excellence, featured in PC Magazine (February 1992), and bundled with McGraw Hill's bookset,"Paperless Publishing" by Colin Hayes (McGraw Hill 1994). Dart won a second Digital Quill in 1993. Several titles that used Iris for a publishing system have also won awards and been widely distributed, including "Hermitville USA." I was also fortunate to find kindred souls on CompuServe and America Online, who helped me pioneer resources areas there in 1993 and 1994 for the nascent electronic publishing industry.

I finally cut loose on the Internet in 1995, launching Epub News, an electronic newspage about electronic publishing. After taking on several private contracts, I opened the Husted dot Com Website ( in 1996. I've drifted away from electronic books, but have noticed that several products are now making their way into the consumer mainstream -- as usual, I was twenty minutes into the future:-)

My favorite all-time project is the Hitchhikers Guide to Science Fiction. This was one of my earliest hypertext projects (it started as a print-book idea), and I had a lot of fun bringing it forward onto the Web. (Now, if I only had time to bring it current and dress it up!)

My favorite all-time client is is WXXI Public Broadcasting Council, where I've served as the station's Webmaster. WXXI provides public broadcasting services for television and radio, and we are working to do the same online. Along with providing companion Web sites for every WXXI production, we stream both our AM and FM signals, in both Real and QuickTime, with online archives in the works. It's a long journey, but we've taken the first steps. I'm responsible for most of the regular updates to the site, and much of the overall layout and design. We're grateful to have won the PBS award for best Web site in our market for two years running.

Our most ambitious projects at WXXI have been Spring Marketplace 2000 and the NY Election Finder. For Spring Marketplace, we put our annual auction fully online for simultaneous telephone and Website bidding. On NY Election, we offered not only the usual election-finder application, but collected voter registration records from around the state, so people could also check their registration status and polling place. I developed the Web-enabled database applications for both projects.

Currently, I'm expanding the WXXI online auction software into a complete package for hosting online auctions as fund-raisers; this is to be an open-source project called Gavel, and, of course, is based on Struts.

Cedric Dumoulin -- Committer

As a dreamer / researcher I have thought a lot about a framework like Struts. But, as a lazy developer I have first checked what already exists, and I have found Struts. Struts goals fulfilled nearly all I needed for my (now old) portal project, except the capability to reuse and assemble easily pieces of pages or components. So, I have proposed the Components framework. This framework can be seen as a superset of the Templates tag library contributed by David Geary, and contains lot of interesting features.

From a professional point of view, I have a Ph.D. in computer science. I have worked for 3 years in the R&D department of a worldwide company developing Internet banking solutions. I am now a researcher at a university, and work on European research projects. My main research interest is WWW, Distributed Systems and Object Oriented Design. When developing code, I always try to first propose reusable pieces of code.

Martin Cooper -- Committer

Currently, I'm a Principal Software Engineer at Tumbleweed Communications, working on the Messaging Management System. Early last year (2000), I was working on the architecture for a new web-based administration system for the product, and headed in the direction of servlets and JSP. I joined the JSP-INTEREST and SERVLET-INTEREST mailing lists to see what was going on in those respective areas.

Before too long, some interesting discussions started up around the topic of Model 2 architectures. Model 2 sounded like the right way to go about things, and I followed those discussions closely. I was, however, still looking for a "leg up" - something to give me that core on which to build.

Then, in May, I saw a post to JSP-INTEREST from Craig McClanahan entitled something like "New Jakarta-Struts Subproject", and describing Struts, and his vision for it. I hopped right over to the Jakarta web site and signed up for the mailing list. Before long, I realised this was exactly what I had been looking for.

Now, a year or so later, we have a team of people, on which I am the technical lead, just finishing up our web-based administration system as Struts reaches its 1.0 release. And I am still firmly convinced that I made the right decision in going with Struts in the first place.

Like anyone else, my first postings to the struts-user list were questions to help me understand how to do things, and why Struts is the way it is. Over time, reading the lists and also the source code, and working on my own fairly large web application, I came to the point where I could answer questions too. Now, I'm glad to be able to give something back to the Struts community by helping others understand, and also by contributing ideas and code to help make Struts even better than it already is.

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