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FvwmForm (1)
  • >> FvwmForm (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • FvwmForm (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
         FvwmForm - input form module for Fvwm
         FvwmForm must be spawned by Fvwm. It will not work from  the
         command line.
         FvwmForm provides a mechanism to  get  user  input  and  act
         accordingly.   This  is achieved by means of a form that the
         user can fill out,  and  from  which  the  user  can  select
         actions  he  wants  Fvwm  to  take.  A form consists of five
         types of  items:   text  labels,  single-line  text  inputs,
         mutually-exclusive  selections,  multiple-choice selections,
         and action buttons.  These items are arranged  into  several
         lines, with a very flexible layout.
         A text label only serves the  purpose  of  explanation.   It
         cannot  accept any input.  A text input field can be used to
         edit a single-line  string.   FvwmForm  accepts  Emacs-style
         cursor  movement  keys.   No  copying  and pasting functions
         A selection consists  of  several  choices.   The  selection
         itself  is  a  logical  entity that doesn't have any display
         feature.  Each choice is displayed as a push-button followed
         by  a  explanatory  text label.  When selected, an exclusive
         choice shows a circle in the middle, while a multiple choice
         shows a check.
         An action button, when clicked on, will send a set  of  com-
         mands  to  Fvwm.  FvwmForm will do variable substitutions in
         the command text to reflect the user's input.
         FvwmForm uses the same configuration file  (usually  .fvwmrc
         in  the user's home directory) as Fvwm.  To use FvwmForm for
         multiple input forms, simply create symbolic links with dif-
         ferent names, and they will be treated as different modules.
         Or, you can invoke  FvwmForm  with  an  optional  parameter,
         which it will use as the name instead (e.g. 'Module FvwmForm
         QuitVerify').  That way you don't even have to make  a  sym-
         bolic link for it!
         Be sure to set ModulePath in your .fvwmrc  file  to  include
         FvwmForm's path.
         When FvwmForm is invoked with a window context, e.g. from  a
         window  menu,  all  commands it sends to Fvwm will have that
         window context.
         The following options can be set in the .fvwmrc file.   Note
         that  the  string  "FvwmForm"  should  be changed if another
         module with different name is used.
         The order of the options DOES matter.   In  general,  colors
         and  fonts  should  be specified first.  Lines, text labels,
         and input items should appear in their logical order.
             This option makes FvwmForm grab  the  mouse  pointer  on
             startup.   This feature is useful for things like logout
             This option makes FvwmForm warp the mouse  pointer  into
             its  window  on  startup.  It saves the user some mouse-
         *FvwmFormPosition x y
             Puts the FvwmForm window  at  location  (x,  y)  on  the
             screen.   By  convention,  a  negative x (resp. y) value
             measures distance from the right (resp. bottom)  of  the
             If this option is omitted, FvwmForm will  start  at  the
             center of the screen.
         *FvwmFormBack color
             Specifies the background color of the FvwmForm window.
         *FvwmFormFore color
             Specifies the  foreground  color  for  displaying  plain
         *FvwmFormItemBack color
             Specifies the background color for the text  input  win-
             dows, and the buttons.
         *FvwmFormItemFore color
             Specifies  the  foreground  color  for  the  text  input
             strings and button markers.
         *FvwmFormFont font
             Specifies the font for displaying plain text.
         *FvwmFormButtonFont font
             Specifies the font for text marked in  the  action  but-
         *FvwmFormInputfont font
             Specifies the font for text input.  This font must  have
             fixed width.
         *FvwmFormLine justification
             Starts a new line.  A  line  can  contain  an  arbitrary
             number of items whose options should follow.  A FvwmForm
             window can have an arbitrary number of lines.  The width
             of the window is that of the longest line.
             Justification of items in the line is specified by  jus-
             tification, which can be one of the following:
         left            Items are justified to the left of the  win-
         right           Items are justified to the right of the win-
         center          Items are placed in the center of  the  win-
         expand          If there is only one item in the  line,  the
                         item  is  centered in the window.  If two or
                         more items are present, they are spreaded to
                         fill the whole width of the window.
         *FvwmFormText string
             Displays string as plain  text.   Line  breaks  must  be
             achieved  by  multiple  *FvwmFormLine  and *FvwmFormText
             options.  Blanks may be used to  provide  extra  padding
             between items.
         *FvwmFormInput name size init_string
             Specifies a text input item with name name.  A subwindow
             of  size  characters in width will be used for editting.
             If init_string is present, it will be the initial string
             when FvwmForm starts or resets itself.  The default ini-
             tial string is "".
         *FvwmFormSelection name type
             This option starts a selection item with name name.  Its
             choices  should  be  specified  on the subsequent lines.
             The option type is one of the following:
         single          The selections are mutually exclusive.
         multiple        This is a multiple-choice selection.
         *FvwmFormChoice name value on | off string
             Specifies a choice for a selection.  The choice item has
             a name and a value.  The string will be displayed to the
             right of the choice button as a label.
             The choice will assume the specified initial state ("on"
             means  selected)  when  FvwmForm starts or resets.  Note
             that if the selections are mutually exclusive,  FvwmForm
             will NOT detect inconsistencies in the initial states of
             the choices, i.e. two or none  of  the  choices  can  be
             selected.   However,  once  the  user  selects a choice,
             FvwmForm will assure only one is selected.
         *FvwmFormButton type string [key]
             This option specifies an action button.  The button  has
             string  as  a  label,  and excutes a set of Fvwm command
             when it is activated.  The commands should be  specified
             using the *FvwmFormCommand option.
             The optional key  specifies  a  keyboard  shortcut  that
             activates the button.  It is in either a control charac-
             ter, specified as ^@, ^A, ..., ^_, or  a  function  key,
             specified  as  F1,  F2, ..., F35.  Control keys that are
             used for cursor movement in  text  input  fields  cannot
             activate any buttons, with the exception of TAB, RETURN,
             LINEFEED, which can activate a button when the cursor is
             in the last text input field.
             The behavior of the button is determined by type:
         continue        FvwmForm will resume execution after sending
                         the commands.
         restart         After sending the  commands,  FvwmForm  will
                         reset  all  the  values to the initial ones,
                         and then resume execution.
         quit            FvwmForm will quit after  sending  the  com-
         *FvwmFormCommand command
             This option specifies an Fvwm  command  associated  with
             the  current  button.   Commands  that appear before any
             *FvwmFormButton option  will  be  executed  at  start-up
             time.   This  is  usually  a  beep  that gets the user's
             Before sending each command to Fvwm, FvwmForm recognizes
             variables  of  the following forms, and supply values to
         $(name)         If name corresponds to a text  input  field,
                         the result is the user's input string.  Spe-
                         cial chars such as ", ', and  will  be  pre-
                         ceded by a backslash.
                         If name corresponds to a choice, the  result
                         is  the value of the choice (as specified in
                         *FvwmFormChoice) if the choice is  selected.
                         If the choice is not selected, the result is
                         a blank string.
                         If name  corresponds  to  a  selection,  the
                         result will be a list of the selected values
                         of all its choices.
         $(name?string)  If name is a text input field and its  value
                         is  not  an  empty  string,  the  result  is
                         string, with recursive variable substitution
                         applied.   If  the input value is empty, the
                         result is empty.
                         If name is a choice and it is selected,  the
                         result  is  string,  with recursive variable
                         substitution applied.  If the choice is  not
                         selected, the result is empty.
         $(name!string)  The same as the above, except that the  con-
                         verse conditions are taken.
    EXAMPLE 1 - QuitVerify
         This example simulates the mwm way of confirming logout.
         *QuitVerifyFont          *helvetica*m*r*n*14*
         *QuitVerifyButtonFont    *helvetica*m*o*n*14*
         *QuitVerifyFore          Black
         *QuitVerifyBack          Light Gray
         *QuitVerifyItemFore Wheat
         *QuitVerifyItemBack Gray50
         # begin items
         *QuitVerifyCommand  Beep
         *QuitVerifyLine          center
         *QuitVerifyText          "Do you really want to logout?"
         *QuitVerifyLine          expand
         *QuitVerifyButton   quit      "Logout"  ^M
         *QuitVerifyCommand  Quit
         *QuitVerifyButton   quit      "Cancel"  ^[
         *QuitVerifyCommand  Nop
         # Fvwm window style
         Style "QuitVerify" NoTitle, NoHandles, BorderWidth 3
    EXAMPLE 2 - Remote Login
         This example lets the user type in a hostname,  and  option-
         ally  a  user name on the remote machine, and opens an xterm
         window from the remote host.
         *RloginFont         *helvetica*m*r*n*14*
         *RloginButtonFont   *helvetica*m*o*n*14*
         *RloginInputFont    *cour*m*r*n*14*
         *RloginFore         Black
         *RloginBack         Light Gray
         *RloginItemFore          Wheat
         *RloginItemBack          Gray50
         # begin items
         *RloginLine         center
         *RloginText         "Login to Remote Host"
         *RloginLine         center
         *RloginText         "Host:"
         *RloginInput        HostName  20   ""
         *RloginLine         center
         *RloginSelection    UserSel   single
         *RloginChoice       Default   Default   on   "same user"
         *RloginChoice       Custom    Custom    off  "user:"
         *RloginInput        UserName  10   ""
         *RloginLine         expand
         *RloginButton       quit "Login"        ^M
         *RloginCommand Exec  exec   rsh   $(Custom?-l   $(UserName))
         $(HostName) xterm -T xterm@$(HostName) -display $HOSTDISPLAY
         *RloginButton       restart   "Clear"
         *RloginButton       quit "Cancel"  ^[
         *RloginCommand Nop
    EXAMPLE 3 - Capture Window
         This example provides a front-end to xwd, xwud, and xpr.
         *CaptureFont        *helvetica*m*r*n*14*
         *CaptureButtonFont  *helvetica*m*o*n*14*
         *CaptureInputFont   *cour*m*r*n*14*
         *CaptureLine        center
         *CaptureText        "Capture Window"
         *CaptureLine        left
         *CaptureText        "File: "
         *CaptureInput       file      25   "/tmp/Capture"
         *CaptureLine        left
         *CaptureText        "Printer: "
         *CaptureInput       printer        20   "ps1"
         *CaptureLine        expand
         *CaptureSelection   PtrType   single
         *CaptureChoice      PS   ps   on   "PostScript"
         *CaptureChoice      Ljet ljet off  "HP LaserJet"
         *CaptureLine        left
         *CaptureText        "xwd options:"
         *CaptureLine        expand
         *CaptureSelection   Options   multiple
         *CaptureChoice      Brd  -nobdrs   off  "No border"
         *CaptureChoice      Frm  -frame    on   "With frame"
         *CaptureChoice      XYZ  -xy  off  "XY format"
         *CaptureLine        expand
         *CaptureButton      continue  "Capture" ^M
         *CaptureCommand     Exec exec xwd -out $(file) $(Options) &
         *CaptureButton      continue  "Preview"
         *CaptureCommand     Exec exec xwud -in $(file) &
         *CaptureButton      continue  "Print"
         *CaptureCommand     Exec xpr -device  $(PtrType)  $(file)  |
         lpr -P $(printer) &
         *CaptureButton      quit      "Quit"
         There is a hard-coded limit on the number of items.
         Report bugs to
         FvwmForm is original work of Thomas Zuwei Feng.
         Copyright Feb 1995, Thomas Zuwei  Feng.   No  guarantees  or
         warantees  are  provided  or  implied in any way whatsoever.
         Use this program at  your  own  risk.   Permission  to  use,
         modify,  and redistribute this program is hereby given, pro-
         vided that this copyright is kept intact.

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