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adjtimex (8)
  • adjtimex (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • adjtimex (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  • >> adjtimex (8) ( Linux man: Команды системного администрирования )


    adjtimex - display or set the kernel time variables


    adjtimex [option]...  


    This program gives you raw access to the kernel time variables. For a machine connected to the Internet, or equipped with a precision oscillator or radio clock, the best way to regulate the system clock is with ntpd(8). For a standalone or intermittently connected machine, you may use adjtimex instead to at least correct for systematic drift.

    Anyone may print out the time variables, but only the superuser may change them.

    If your computer can be connected to the net, you might run ntpd for at least several hours and use adjtimex --print to learn what values of tick and freq it settled on. Alternately, you could estimate values using the CMOS clock as a reference (see the --compare and --adjust switches). You could then add a line to rc.local invoking adjtimex to set those parameters each time you reboot.  


    Options may be introduced by either - or --, and unique abbreviations may be used. Here is a summary of the options, grouped by type. Explanations follow.
    Get/Set Kernel Time Parameters

    -p --print -t --tick val -f newfreq --frequency newfreq -o val --offset val -s adjustment --singleshot adjustment -m val --maxerr val -e val --esterror val -T val --timeconstant val -a[count] --adjust[=count]
    Estimate Systematic Drifts

    -c[count] --compare[=count] -i tim --interval tim -l file --logfile file -h timeserver --host timeserver -w --watch -r[file] --review[=file] -u --utc
    Informative Output
    --help -v --version
    -p, --print
    Print the current values of the kernel time variables. NOTE: The time is "raw", and may be off by up to one timer tick (10 msec). "status" gives the value of the time_status variable in the kernel. For Linux 1.0 and 1.2 kernels, the value is as follows:
          0   clock is synchronized (so the kernel should 
              periodically set the CMOS clock to match the
              system clock)
          1   inserting a leap second at midnight
          2   deleting a leap second at midnight
          3   leap second in progress
          4   leap second has occurred
          5   clock not externally synchronized (so the 
              kernel should leave the CMOS clock alone)
    For Linux 2.0 kernels, the value is a sum of these:
          1   PLL updates enabled
          2   PPS freq discipline enabled
          4   PPS time discipline enabled
          8   frequency-lock mode enabled
         16   inserting leap second
         32   deleting leap second
         64   clock unsynchronized
        128   holding frequency
        256   PPS signal present
        512   PPS signal jitter exceeded
       1024   PPS signal wander exceeded
       2048   PPS signal calibration error
       4096   clock hardware fault
    -t val, --tick val
    Set the number of microseconds that should be added to the system time for each kernel tick interrupt. There are supposed to be 100 ticks per second, so val should be close to 10000. Increasing val by 1 speeds up the system clock by about 100 ppm, or 8.64 sec/day. tick must be in the range 9000...11000 on Intel systems, or 900...1100 on Alpha systems.
    -f newfreq, --frequency newfreq
    Set the system clock frequency offset to newfreq. newfreq can be negative or positive, and gives a much finer adjustment than the --tick switch. The value is scaled such that newfreq = 1<<16 speeds up the system clock by about 1 ppm, or .0864 sec/day. Thus, --tick 10000 --frequency 6553600 is about the same as --tick 10001 --frequency 0. newfreq must be in the range -6553600...6553600, allowing maximum adjustments of plus or minus 100 ppm.
    -s adj, --singleshot adj
    Slew the system clock by adj usec. (Its rate is changed temporarily by about 1 part in 2000.)
    -o adj, --offset adj
    Add a time offset of adj usec. The kernel code adjusts the time gradually by adj, notes how long it has been since the last time offset, and then adjusts the frequency offset to correct for the apparent drift. adj must be in the range -512000...512000.
    -m val, --maxerror val
    Set maximum error (usec).
    -e val, --esterror val
    Set estimated error (usec). The maximum and estimated error are not used by the kernel. They are merely made available to user processes via the adjtimex(2) system call.
    -t val, --timeconstant val
    Set phase locked loop (PLL) time constant. val determines the bandwidth or "stiffness" of the PLL. The effective PLL time constant will be a multiple of (1 << val). For room-temperature quartz oscillators, David Mills recommends the value 2, which corresponds to a PLL time constant of about 900 sec and a maximum update interval of about 64 sec. The maximum update interval scales directly with the time constant, so that at the maximum time constant of 6, the update interval can be as large as 1024 sec.

    Values of val between zero and 2 give quick convergence; values between 2 and 6 can be used to reduce network load, but at a modest cost in accuracy.

    -c[count], --compare[=count]
    Periodically compare the system clock with the CMOS clock. After the first two calls, print values for tick and frequency offset that would bring the system clock into approximate agreement with the CMOS clock. CMOS clock readings are adjusted for systematic drift using using the correction in /etc/adjtime --- see hwclock(8). The interval between comparisons is 10 seconds, unless changed by the --interval switch. The optional argument is the number of comparisons. (If the argument is supplied, the "=" is required.)
    -a[count], --adjust[=count]
    By itself, same as --compare, except the recommended values are actually installed after every other comparison. With --review, the tick and frequency are set to the least-squares estimates. (In the latter case, any count value is ignored.)
    -i tim, --interval tim
    Set the interval in seconds between clock comparisons for the --compare and --adjust options.
    -u, --utc
    The CMOS clock is set to UTC (universal time) rather than local time.
    -l[file], --log[=file]
    Save the current values of the system and CMOS clocks, and optionally a reference time, to file (default /var/log/clocks.log). The reference time is taken from a network timeserver (see the --host switch) or supplied by the user (see the --watch switch).
    -h timeserver, --host timeserver
    Use ntpdate to query the given timeserver for the current time. This will fail if timeserver is not running a Network Time Protocol (NTP) server, or if that server is not synchronized. Implies --log.
    -w, --watch
    Ask for a keypress when the user knows the time, then ask what that time was, and its approximate accuracy. Implies --log.
    -r[file], --review[=file]
    Review the clock log file (default /var/log/clocks.log) and estimate, if possible, the rates of the CMOS and system clocks. Calculate least-squares rates using all suitable log entries. Suggest corrections to adjust for systematic drift. With --adjust, the frequency and tick are set to the suggested values. (The CMOS clock correction is not changed.)
    -h, --help
    Print the program options.
    -v, --version
    Print the program version.



    If your system clock gained 8 seconds in 24 hours, you could set the tick to 9999, and then it would lose 0.64 seconds a day (that is, 1 tick unit = 8.64 seconds per day). To correct the rest of the error, you could set the frequency offset to (1<<16)*0.64/.0864 = 485452. Thus, putting the following in rc.local would approximately correct the system clock:

         adjtimex  --tick 9999  --freq 485452



    adjtimex adjusts only the system clock --- the one that runs while the computer is powered up. To set or regulate the CMOS clock, see hwclock(8).  


    Steven S. Dick <>, Jim Van Zandt <>.  


    date(1L), gettimeofday(2), settimeofday(2), hwclock(8), ntpdate(8), ntpd(8), /usr/src/linux/include/linux/timex.h, /usr/src/linux/include/linux/sched.h, /usr/src/linux/kernel/time.c, /usr/src/linux/kernel/sched.c




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