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statfs (2)
  • statfs (2) ( FreeBSD man: Системные вызовы )
  • statfs (2) ( Русские man: Системные вызовы )
  • >> statfs (2) ( Linux man: Системные вызовы )
  •  

    NAME

    statfs, fstatfs - get file system statistics
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    #include <sys/vfs.h> /* or <sys/statfs.h> */

    int statfs(const char *path, struct statfs *buf);
    int fstatfs(int fd, struct statfs *buf);  

    DESCRIPTION

    The function statfs() returns information about a mounted file system. path is the pathname of any file within the mounted file system. buf is a pointer to a statfs structure defined approximately as follows:

    struct statfs {
       long    f_type;     /* type of file system (see below) */
       long    f_bsize;    /* optimal transfer block size */
       long    f_blocks;   /* total data blocks in file system */
       long    f_bfree;    /* free blocks in fs */
       long    f_bavail;   /* free blocks avail to non-superuser */
       long    f_files;    /* total file nodes in file system */
       long    f_ffree;    /* free file nodes in fs */
       fsid_t  f_fsid;     /* file system id */
       long    f_namelen;  /* maximum length of filenames */
    };
    
    File system types:
    
       ADFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xadf5
       AFFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xADFF
       BEFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0x42465331
       BFS_MAGIC             0x1BADFACE
       CIFS_MAGIC_NUMBER     0xFF534D42
       CODA_SUPER_MAGIC      0x73757245
       COH_SUPER_MAGIC       0x012FF7B7
       CRAMFS_MAGIC          0x28cd3d45
       DEVFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x1373
       EFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x00414A53
       EXT_SUPER_MAGIC       0x137D
       EXT2_OLD_SUPER_MAGIC  0xEF51
       EXT2_SUPER_MAGIC      0xEF53
       EXT3_SUPER_MAGIC      0xEF53
       HFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x4244
       HPFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xF995E849
       HUGETLBFS_MAGIC       0x958458f6
       ISOFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x9660
       JFFS2_SUPER_MAGIC     0x72b6
       JFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x3153464a
       MINIX_SUPER_MAGIC     0x137F /* orig. minix */
       MINIX_SUPER_MAGIC2    0x138F /* 30 char minix */
       MINIX2_SUPER_MAGIC    0x2468 /* minix V2 */
       MINIX2_SUPER_MAGIC2   0x2478 /* minix V2, 30 char names */
       MSDOS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x4d44
       NCP_SUPER_MAGIC       0x564c
       NFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x6969
       NTFS_SB_MAGIC         0x5346544e
       OPENPROM_SUPER_MAGIC  0x9fa1
       PROC_SUPER_MAGIC      0x9fa0
       QNX4_SUPER_MAGIC      0x002f
       REISERFS_SUPER_MAGIC  0x52654973
       ROMFS_MAGIC           0x7275
       SMB_SUPER_MAGIC       0x517B
       SYSV2_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012FF7B6
       SYSV4_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012FF7B5
       TMPFS_MAGIC           0x01021994
       UDF_SUPER_MAGIC       0x15013346
       UFS_MAGIC             0x00011954
       USBDEVICE_SUPER_MAGIC 0x9fa2
       VXFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xa501FCF5
       XENIX_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012FF7B4
       XFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x58465342
       _XIAFS_SUPER_MAGIC    0x012FD16D
    

    Nobody knows what f_fsid is supposed to contain (but see below).

    Fields that are undefined for a particular file system are set to 0. fstatfs() returns the same information about an open file referenced by descriptor fd.  

    RETURN VALUE

    On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.  

    ERRORS

    EACCES
    (statfs()) Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix of path. (See also path_resolution(7).)
    EBADF
    (fstatfs()) fd is not a valid open file descriptor.
    EFAULT
    buf or path points to an invalid address.
    EINTR
    This call was interrupted by a signal.
    EIO
    An I/O error occurred while reading from the file system.
    ELOOP
    (statfs()) Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating path.
    ENAMETOOLONG
    (statfs()) path is too long.
    ENOENT
    (statfs()) The file referred to by path does not exist.
    ENOMEM
    Insufficient kernel memory was available.
    ENOSYS
    The file system does not support this call.
    ENOTDIR
    (statfs()) A component of the path prefix of path is not a directory.
    EOVERFLOW
    Some values were too large to be represented in the returned struct.
     

    CONFORMING TO

    Linux-specific. The Linux statfs() was inspired by the 4.4BSD one (but they do not use the same structure).  

    NOTES

    The kernel has system calls statfs(), fstatfs(), statfs64(), and fstatfs64() to support this library call.

    Some systems only have <sys/vfs.h>, other systems also have <sys/statfs.h>, where the former includes the latter. So it seems including the former is the best choice.

    LSB has deprecated the library calls statfs() and fstatfs() and tells us to use statvfs(2) and fstatvfs(2) instead.  

    The f_fsid field

    Solaris, Irix and POSIX have a system call statvfs(2) that returns a struct statvfs (defined in <sys/statvfs.h>) containing an unsigned long f_fsid. Linux, SunOS, HP-UX, 4.4BSD have a system call statfs() that returns a struct statfs (defined in <sys/vfs.h>) containing a fsid_t f_fsid, where fsid_t is defined as struct { int val[2]; }. The same holds for FreeBSD, except that it uses the include file <sys/mount.h>.

    The general idea is that f_fsid contains some random stuff such that the pair (f_fsid,ino) uniquely determines a file. Some OSes use (a variation on) the device number, or the device number combined with the file-system type. Several OSes restrict giving out the f_fsid field to the superuser only (and zero it for unprivileged users), because this field is used in the filehandle of the file system when NFS-exported, and giving it out is a security concern.

    Under some OSes the fsid can be used as second argument to the sysfs() system call.  

    SEE ALSO

    stat(2), statvfs(2), path_resolution(7)  

    COLOPHON

    This page is part of release 3.14 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    RETURN VALUE
    ERRORS
    CONFORMING TO
    NOTES
    The f_fsid field
    SEE ALSO
    COLOPHON


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