The OpenNET Project / Index page

[ новости /+++ | форум | wiki | теги | ]

Интерактивная система просмотра системных руководств (man-ов)

 ТемаНаборКатегория 
 
 [Cписок руководств | Печать]

term (7)
  • term (4) ( Solaris man: Специальные файлы /dev/* )
  • term (5) ( Solaris man: Форматы файлов )
  • term (5) ( FreeBSD man: Форматы файлов )
  • term (5) ( Linux man: Форматы файлов )
  • >> term (7) ( Solaris man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  • term (7) ( FreeBSD man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  • term (7) ( Linux man: Макропакеты и соглашения )
  • 
    NAME
         term - conventions for naming terminal types
    
    DESCRIPTION
         The environment variable TERM should  normally  contain  the
         type  name  of  the terminal, console or display-device type
         you  are  using.   This  information  is  critical  for  all
         screen-oriented programs, including your editor and mailer.
    
         A default TERM value will be set  on  a  per-line  basis  by
         either  /etc/inittab  (Linux  and  System-V-like  UNIXes) or
         /etc/ttys (BSD UNIXes).  This will nearly always suffice for
         workstation and microcomputer consoles.
    
         If you use a dialup line, the type of device attached to  it
         may  vary.   Older UNIX systems pre-set a very dumb terminal
         type like `dumb' or `dialup' on dialup  lines.   Newer  ones
         may  pre-set  `vt100',  reflecting  the  prevalence  of  DEC
         VT100-compatible terminals and personal-computer emulators.
    
         Modern telnets pass your TERM environment variable from  the
         local  side to the remote one.  There can be problems if the
         remote terminfo or termcap entry for your type is not compa-
         tible  with yours, but this situation is rare and can almost
         always be avoided by explicitly exporting `vt100'  (assuming
         you are in fact using a VT100-superset console, terminal, or
         terminal emulator.)
    
         In any case, you are free to override the system  TERM  set-
         ting to your taste in your shell profile.  The tset(1) util-
         ity may be of assistance; you can give it a set of rules for
         deducing or requesting a terminal type based on the tty dev-
         ice and baud rate.
    
         Setting your own TERM value may also be useful if  you  have
         created a custom entry incorporating options (such as visual
         bell or reverse-video) which you wish to override the system
         default type for your line.
    
         Terminal type descriptions are stored as files of capability
         data  underneath  /opt/sfw/share/terminfo.  To browse a list
         of all terminal names recognized by the system, do
    
              toe | more
    
         from your shell.  These capability files  are  in  a  binary
         format  optimized  for retrieval speed (unlike the old text-
         based termcap format they replace); to examine an entry, you
         must use the infocmp(1) command.  Invoke it as follows:
    
              infocmp entry-name
    
         where entry-name is the name of the type you wish to examine
         (and  the  name  of  its capability file the subdirectory of
         /opt/sfw/share/terminfo named for its first  letter).   This
         command dumps a capability file in the text format described
         by terminfo(5).
    
         The first line of a terminfo(5) description gives the  names
         by  which terminfo knows a terminal, separated by `|' (pipe-
         bar) characters with the last name  field  terminated  by  a
         comma.  The first name field is the type's primary name, and
         is the one to use when setting TERM.  The  last  name  field
         (if  distinct  from  the first) is actually a description of
         the terminal type (it may contain blanks; the others must be
         single  words).   Name fields between the first and last (if
         present) are aliases for the  terminal,  usually  historical
         names retained for compatibility.
    
         There are some conventions for how to choose  terminal  pri-
         mary names that help keep them informative and unique.  Here
         is a  step-by-step  guide  to  naming  terminals  that  also
         explains how to parse them:
    
         First, choose a root name.   The  root  will  consist  of  a
         lower-case letter followed by up to seven lower-case letters
         or digits.  You need to avoid using  punctuation  characters
         in  root  names,  because  they  are used and interpreted as
         filenames and shell meta-characters (such  as  !,  $,  *,  ?
         etc.) embedded in them may cause odd and unhelpful behavior.
         The slash (/), or any other character  that  may  be  inter-
         preted  by  anyone's file system (\, $, [, ]), is especially
         dangerous (terminfo is  platform-independent,  and  choosing
         names with special characters could someday make life diffi-
         cult for users of a future port).  The dot (.) character  is
         relatively  safe  as  long  as there is at most one per root
         name; some historical terminfo names use it.
    
         The root name for a terminal  or  workstation  console  type
         should  almost always begin with a vendor prefix (such as hp
         for Hewlett-Packard, wy for Wyse, or  att  for  AT&T  termi-
         nals),  or a common name of the terminal line (vt for the VT
         series of terminals from DEC, or sun  for  Sun  Microsystems
         workstation  consoles, or regent for the ADDS Regent series.
         You can list the terminfo tree  to  see  what  prefixes  are
         already  in common use.  The root name prefix should be fol-
         lowed when  appropriate  by  a  model  number;  thus  vt100,
         hp2621, wy50.
    
         The root name for a PC-Unix console type should  be  the  OS
         name,  i.e. linux, bsdos, freebsd, netbsd.  It should not be
         console or any other generic that might cause confusion in a
         multi-platform  environment!   If a model number follows, it
         should indicate either the OS release level or  the  console
         driver release level.
    
         The root name for a terminal emulator (assuming  it  doesn't
         fit  one  of the standard ANSI or vt100 types) should be the
         program name or a readily recognizable  abbreviation  of  it
         (i.e. versaterm, ctrm).
    
         Following the root name, you may add any  reasonable  number
         of hyphen-separated feature suffixes.
    
         2p   Has two pages of memory.  Likewise 4p, 8p, etc.
    
         mc   Magic-cookie.  Some terminals (notably older Wyses) can
              only  support  one  attribute without magic-cookie los-
              sage.  Their base entry is usually paired with  another
              that  has this suffix and uses magic cookies to support
              multiple attributes.
    
         -am  Enable auto-margin (right-margin wraparound)
    
         -m   Mono mode - suppress color support
    
         -na  No arrow keys - termcap ignores arrow  keys  which  are
              actually there on the terminal, so the user can use the
              arrow keys locally.
    
         -nam No auto-margin - suppress am capability
    
         -nl  No labels - suppress soft labels
    
         -nsl No status line - suppress status line
    
         -pp  Has a printer port which is used.
    
         -rv  Terminal in reverse video mode (black on white)
    
         -s   Enable status line.
    
         -vb  Use visible bell (flash) rather than beep.
    
         -w   Wide; terminal is in 132 column mode.
    
         Conventionally, if your terminal type is a variant  intended
         to  specify a line height, that suffix should go first.  So,
         for a hypothetical FuBarCo model 2317  terminal  in  30-line
         mode  with  reverse  video,  best  form would be fubar-30-rv
         (rather than, say, `fubar-rv-30').
    
         Terminal types that are written not as  standalone  entries,
         but  rather  as  components to be plugged into other entries
         via use capabilities, are distinguished  by  using  embedded
         plus signs rather than dashes.
         Commands which use a terminal type to control display  often
         accept  a  -T  option that accepts a terminal name argument.
         Such programs should fall back on the TERM environment vari-
         able when no -T option is specified.
    
    PORTABILITY
         For maximum compatibility with older System V UNIXes,  names
         and aliases should be unique within the first 14 characters.
    
    FILES
         /opt/sfw/share/terminfo/?/*
              compiled terminal capability data base
    
         /etc/inittab
              tty line initialization (AT&T-like UNIXes).
    
         /etc/ttys
              tty line initialization (BSD-like UNIXes).
    
    SEE ALSO
         curses(3X), terminfo(5), term(5).
    
    
    
    


    Поиск по тексту MAN-ов: 




    Спонсоры:
    PostgresPro
    Inferno Solutions
    Hosting by Hoster.ru
    Хостинг:

    Закладки на сайте
    Проследить за страницей
    Created 1996-2022 by Maxim Chirkov
    Добавить, Поддержать, Вебмастеру