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useradd (1)
  • >> useradd (1) ( Solaris man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • useradd (1) ( Русские man: Команды и прикладные программы пользовательского уровня )
  • useradd (8) ( Русские man: Команды системного администрирования )
  • useradd (8) ( Linux man: Команды системного администрирования )
  •  

    NAME

    useradd - administer a new user login on the system
     
    

    SYNOPSIS

    useradd [-A authorization [,authorization...]] 
        [-b base_dir] [-c comment] [-d dir] [-e expire] 
        [-f inactive] [-g group] [-G group [,group]...] 
        [-K key=value] [-m [-k skel_dir]] [-p projname] 
        [-P profile [,profile...]] [-R role [,role...]] 
        [-s shell] [-u uid [-o]] login
    

    useradd -D [-A authorization [,authorization...]] 
        [-b base_dir] [-s shell [-k skel_dir]] [-e expire] 
        [-f inactive] [-g group] [-K key=value] [-p projname] 
        [-P profile [,profile...]] [-R role [,role...]]
    

     

    DESCRIPTION

    useradd adds a new user to the /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow and /etc/user_attr files. The -A and -P options respectively assign authorizations and profiles to the user. The -R option assigns roles to a user. The -p option associates a project with a user. The -K option adds a key=value pair to /etc/user_attr for the user. Multiple key=value pairs may be added with multiple -K options.

    useradd also creates supplementary group memberships for the user (-G option) and creates the home directory (-m option) for the user if requested. The new login remains locked until the passwd(1) command is executed.

    Specifying useradd -D with the -s, -k,-g, -b, -f, -e, -A, -P, -p, -R, or -K option (or any combination of these options) sets the default values for the respective fields. See the -D option, below. Subsequent useradd commands without the -D option use these arguments.

    The system file entries created with this command have a limit of 2048 characters per line. Specifying long arguments to several options can exceed this limit.

    useradd requires that usernames be in the format described in passwd(4). A warning message is displayed if these restrictions are not met. See passwd(4) for the requirements for usernames.  

    OPTIONS

    The following options are supported:

    -A authorization

    One or more comma separated authorizations defined in auth_attr(4). Only a user or role who has grant rights to the authorization can assign it to an account.

    -b base_dir

    The base directory for new login home directories (see the -d option below. When a new user account is being created, base_dir must already exist unless the -m option or the -d option is also specified.

    -c comment

    Any text string. It is generally a short description of the login, and is currently used as the field for the user's full name. This information is stored in the user's /etc/passwd entry.

    -d dir

    The home directory of the new user. It defaults to base_dir/account_name, where base_dir is the base directory for new login home directories and account_name is the new login name.

    -D

    Display the default values for group, base_dir, skel_dir, shell, inactive, expire, proj, projname and key=value pairs. When used with the -g, -b, -f, -e, -A, -P, -p, -R, or -K options, the -D option sets the default values for the specified fields. The default values are:

    group

    other (GID of 1)

    base_dir

    /home

    skel_dir

    /etc/skel

    shell

    /bin/sh

    inactive

    0

    expire

    null

    auths

    null

    profiles

    null

    proj

    3

    projname

    default

    key=value (pairs defined in user_attr(4)

    not present

    roles

    null

    -e expire

    Specify the expiration date for a login. After this date, no user will be able to access this login. The expire option argument is a date entered using one of the date formats included in the template file /etc/datemsk. See getdate(3C).

    If the date format that you choose includes spaces, it must be quoted. For example, you can enter 10/6/90 or October 6, 1990. A null value (" ") defeats the status of the expired date. This option is useful for creating temporary logins.

    -f inactive

    The maximum number of days allowed between uses of a login ID before that ID is declared invalid. Normal values are positive integers. A value of 0 defeats the status.

    -g group

    An existing group's integer ID or character-string name. Without the -D option, it defines the new user's primary group membership and defaults to the default group. You can reset this default value by invoking useradd -D -g group. GIDs 0-99 are reserved for allocation by the Solaris Operating System.

    -G group

    An existing group's integer ID or character-string name. It defines the new user's supplementary group membership. Duplicates between group with the -g and -G options are ignored. No more than NGROUPS_MAX groups can be specified. GIDs 0-99 are reserved for allocation by the Solaris Operating System.

    -K key=value

    A key=value pair to add to the user's attributes. Multiple -K options may be used to add multiple key=value pairs. The generic -K option with the appropriate key may be used instead of the specific implied key options (-A, -P, -R, -p). See user_attr(4) for a list of valid key=value pairs. The "type" key is not a valid key for this option. Keys may not be repeated.

    -k skel_dir

    A directory that contains skeleton information (such as .profile) that can be copied into a new user's home directory. This directory must already exist. The system provides the /etc/skel directory that can be used for this purpose.

    -m

    Create the new user's home directory if it does not already exist. If the directory already exists, it must have read, write, and execute permissions by group, where group is the user's primary group.

    -o

    This option allows a UID to be duplicated (non-unique).

    -P profile

    One or more comma-separated execution profiles defined in prof_attr(4).

    -p projname

    Name of the project with which the added user is associated. See the projname field as defined in project(4).

    -R role

    One or more comma-separated execution profiles defined in user_attr(4). Roles cannot be assigned to other roles.

    -s shell

    Full pathname of the program used as the user's shell on login. It defaults to an empty field causing the system to use /bin/sh as the default. The value of shell must be a valid executable file.

    -u uid

    The UID of the new user. This UID must be a non-negative decimal integer below MAXUID as defined in <sys/param.h>. The UID defaults to the next available (unique) number above the highest number currently assigned. For example, if UIDs 100, 105, and 200 are assigned, the next default UID number will be 201. UIDs 0-99 are reserved for allocation by the Solaris Operating System.

     

    FILES

    /etc/datemsk

    /etc/passwd

    /etc/shadow

    /etc/group

    /etc/skel

    /usr/include/limits.h

    /etc/user_attr  

    ATTRIBUTES

    See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

    ATTRIBUTE TYPEATTRIBUTE VALUE

    AvailabilitySUNWcsu

    Interface Stability

     

    SEE ALSO

    passwd(1), profiles(1), roles(1), users(1B), groupadd(1M), groupdel(1M), groupmod(1M), grpck(1M), logins(1M), pwck(1M), userdel(1M), usermod(1M), getdate(3C), auth_attr(4), passwd(4), prof_attr(4), project(4), user_attr(4), attributes(5)  

    DIAGNOSTICS

    In case of an error, useradd prints an error message and exits with a non-zero status.

    The following indicates that login specified is already in use:

    UX: useradd: ERROR: login is already in use. Choose another.
    

    The following indicates that the uid specified with the -u option is not unique:

    UX: useradd: ERROR: uid uid is already in use. Choose another. 
    

    The following indicates that the group specified with the -g option is already in use:

    UX: useradd: ERROR: group group does not exist. Choose another. 
    

    The following indicates that the uid specified with the -u option is in the range of reserved UIDs (from 0-99):

    UX: useradd: WARNING: uid uid is reserved.
    

    The following indicates that the uid specified with the -u option exceeds MAXUID as defined in <sys/param.h>:

    UX: useradd: ERROR: uid uid is too big. Choose another.
    

    The following indicates that the /etc/passwd or /etc/shadow files do not exist:

    UX: useradd: ERROR: Cannot update system files - login cannot be created.
    

     

    NOTES

    The useradd utility adds definitions to only the local /etc/group, etc/passwd, /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, /etc/project, and /etc/user_attr files. If a network name service such as NIS or NIS+ is being used to supplement the local /etc/passwd file with additional entries, useradd cannot change information supplied by the network name service. However useradd will verify the uniqueness of the user name (or role) and user id and the existence of any group names specified against the external name service.


     

    Index

    NAME
    SYNOPSIS
    DESCRIPTION
    OPTIONS
    FILES
    ATTRIBUTES
    SEE ALSO
    DIAGNOSTICS
    NOTES


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